European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Overview of measures by category

Supporting businesses to stay afloat

Cases in this category mainly include arrangements to support companies to stay afloat financially. This may include support for those companies that had to shut down their activities due to the public health measures, made to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic, or were affected by the sanctions imposed on trade with Russia, including those which are indirectly affected. As of 2022, it could also include measures for companies affected by the sanctions imposed on trade with Russia, directly or indirectly. The types of measures in this category relate to access to finance (including bank guarantees or easing access to credit), direct subsidies for companies (usually to cover fixed costs), as well as regulations concerning the deferral of payments (for instance tax or social security obligations), or changes to rescue procedures in case of insolvency or the adaptation of insolvency regulation.

Overall, Eurofound has identified 502 measures in 30 countries for this category.

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

19 May 2022


Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021

This publication consists of individual country reports on working life during 2021 for 28 countries (the 27 EU Member States and Norway).


24 June 2020


COVID-19: Policy responses across Europe

This report aims to present an overview of both large-scale government measures and collective agreements that impact on large groups of workers.

16 June 2022


COVID-19 in the workplace: Employer's responsibility to ensure a safe workplace

Throughout 2021, the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, specific occupational health and safety rules were reintroduced due to increases in infection rates.


16 June 2022


Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.