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Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure IT-2020-13/1183 Updated – measures in Italy

Company-level agreement on the use of payroll subsidies

Accordo aziendale Granarolo sull'uso della Cassa Integrazione Guadagni ordinaria

Country Italy , applies locally

    • – ITC1 Piemonte
      – ITC4 Lombardia
      – ITF2 Molise
      – ITF3 Campania
      – ITF4 Puglia
      – ITF5 Basilicata
      – ITH3 Veneto
      – ITH4 Friuli-Venezia Giulia
      – ITH5 Emilia-Romagna
      – ITI3 Marche
      – ITI4 Lazio
Time period Open ended, started on 27 March 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
Author Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound
Measure added 25 September 2020 (updated 14 September 2021)

Background information

The company level agreement was signed on 27 March 2020 by the company Granarolo and the main trade unions in the agri-food sector FAI-CISL, FLAI-CGIL, and UILA-UIL. Following the reduced productive activity in the plant during the pandemic emergency, it aimed at ensuring continuity to the whole workforce and to safeguard the income levels of the workers by recurring to the payroll subsidies. In fact, according to the Decree no. 18. issued on 17 March 2020 (article 19), all the companies facing a decrease in their activities due to the COVID-19 emergency are allowed to apply for the use of the payroll subsidies financed by the INPS (National Institute for Social Protection).

Content of measure

The social partners agreed upon the following provisions relating to the adoption of the payroll subsidies:

  • The application of the payroll subsidies has to be discussed locally with the union representatives at the workplace and the territorial union organisations
  • The company will ensure the maximum turnover among workers within each establishment, also recurring to the tele-work arrangement, compatibly with the technical requirements of the productive process
  • The company will top-up the payroll subsidies paid by the INPS (the National Institute for the Social Protection) up to the 100% of the gross income level gained by each worker. The subsidies will cover up to nine working weeks
  • The 75% of days of holiday and the 50% of the individual leaves each workers collected until 31 December 2019 have to be used before accessing the payroll subsidies


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

30 June 2021

The measure does not have a specific end date, but it is connected with the measures on the Ordinary Wage Integration Fund defined by the government, which have ended the possibility for companies to rely on the Ordinary Wage Integration Fund for reasons connected to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Use of measure

The group Granarolo employs about 2,800 workers, spread across fourteen establishments located in Italy and eight abroad. The measures apply to the workforce employed in Italy.


  • Income protection

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Trade unions
Company / Companies
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Only trade unions
  • Main level of involvement: Company level


The largest trade unions in the agri-food sector have been involved (Fai Cisl, Flai Cgil, Uila Uil). They represent the signatory parties of the national collective agreement in the sector, accordingly allowed to signed company-level agreements.

Views and reactions

The trade unions declared to be particularly satisfied of this agreements, since they obtained the commitment of the company to top-up the share of payroll subsidy paid by the INPS (National Institute for the Social Protection) up to the 100% of the gross income level of each worker. The financial participation of the employer is not compulsory, hence it represents an important achievement in their opinion.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      A - Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing A1 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities

This case is not occupation-specific.



Eurofound (2020), Company-level agreement on the use of payroll subsidies, measure IT-2020-13/1183 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.