European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case NL-2020-21/983 Updated – measures in Netherlands

Support to creative industries and the cultural sector

Inzet voor makers

Country Netherlands , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 20 May 2020
Type Other initiatives or policies
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
Author Amber van der Graaf (Panteia) and Eurofound
Case created 13 July 2020 (updated 27 May 2021)

Background information

The Dutch government presented a package of emergency measures to support businesses and workers during the corona crisis. The cultural and creative sector appears especially badly hit by the crisis and this has led to extra measures being taken. On 27 March, the Minister for Education, Culture, and Science sent a letter to Parliament explaining the need for and content of the planned measures. Following this first letter on plans to initiate a package of measures, a few weeks later, the announcement was made (after lobbying form the cultural and creative sector), that more support was needed. The Minister for Education, Culture and science announced on 15 April that more financing would be provided to the sector, in the amount of €300 million.

Several plans were later published in May 2020 which indicated what the extra financial injection would be used for.

Content of measure

The existing Dutch culture funds have decided to intensify their efforts to support cultural and creative creators and producers. The six main cultural funds have collectively set aside a further €15 million in support for this purpose. These funds are:

  • The Fund for Stage Arts,
  • the Mondriaan Fund,
  • the Dutch Letters Fund,
  • the Film Fund,
  • the Stimulation Fund for the Creative Industry, and
  • the Fund for Cultural Participation.

The target groups for this extra support include: artists, musicians, composers, writers, journalists, photographers, directors, music producers, and other professionals in the creative sectors who fall outside of the subsidised portions of the sectors. These tend to be freelancers or self-employed individuals.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

18 May 2021

See case NL-2020-23/1041, Support to professionals in the creative industries as it is part of this measure.

Use of measure

No information available yet.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Social partners jointly
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Since the outbreak of the Corona crisis, the government has had regular and close consultation with the social partners. Together the national level social partners and the government arrived at the first and second packages of emergency measures, announced 17 March and 20 May respectively. Social partners for the cultural and creative sectors have lobbied for extra support from the government for their sectors, with success.

Views and reactions

The cultural and creative social partner organisations appear satisfied with the specific measures designed for their sectors.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities
      R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities
      R93 Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities
    • Occupation (ISCO level 2)
      Legal, social, cultural and related associate professionals
      Handicraft and printing workers
      Information and communications technology professionals
      Legal, social and cultural professionals



Eurofound (2020), Support to creative industries and the cultural sector, case NL-2020-21/983 (measures in Netherlands), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.