Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SK-2020-48/1598 – measures in Slovakia
|Country||Slovakia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 28 November 2020 – 31 December 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Rastislav Bednarik (IVPR)|
|Measure added||14 December 2020 (updated 20 October 2021)|
On 21 October 2020, the government approved a special measure proposal to support tourism. The proposal provide a legislative framework for the creation of state aid schemes and minimum aid for enterprises in the tourism sector. The schemes are designed to reduce the negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and related measures (border closures, compulsory quarantine, closure of facilities). The aid schemes cover the eligible period from the beginning of the second quarter of 2020 to 31 December 2021. The Parliament approved the measure by Act no. 342/2020 Coll. amending the Act no. 91/2010 Coll. on the promotion of tourism effective from 28 November 2020.
In response to the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, the government has prepared special assistance for entrepreneurs in tourism. It can be requested, e.g. by restaurants, cafes, bistros, hotels and guesthouses, aquaparks and swimming pools, tourist guides, botanical gardens, zoos, nature reserves, amusement parks, museums, historical monuments and tourist attractions and ski lifts and cable cars. The condition for receiving the aid from 1 April 2020 to 31 December 2021 is more than 40% decrease in revenue due to a pandemic compared to 2019. The amount of the subsidy is determined by the decrease in revenue in the respective month in 2020 compared to the same month in 2019. The subsidy is provided in the amount of 4% to 10% depending on the decrease in the revenue. It must be requested monthly by a separate calculation for each month. For example, when the revenue falls by 100% (closed facility), the applicant will receive a subsidy of up to 10% of the revenue in the respective month in 2019.
The government decided to cover implementation of the measure by €100 million. The estimated financial need is €10 million for 2020, €70 million for 2021 and €20 million for 2022. (Demand for tourism services is expected to continue to fall sharply due to the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 and some government measures.). During the pandemic, applicants can also use other support schemes - for example, the "First aid Plus" scheme.
According to the MDV SR, for the period from April to October 2020, eligible applicants applied for financial contributions in the total amount of approximately €64 million. The monthly average of applications was €3,443 per subject. [See also case SK-2020-48/2016] (https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2020-48_2016).
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Informed||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The measure was initiated by employers in the restaurant and tourism sector. Preparation of the measure was consulted with employers active in the sector.
The measure entered into force only recently, no comments from the social partners have been recorded.
This case is sector-specific (only private sector)
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities||I55 Accommodation|
|I56 Food and beverage service activities|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities|
|R93 Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Support for tourism, measure SK-2020-48/1598 (measures in Slovakia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2020-48_1598.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
5 July 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.