Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PL-2021-18/1978 – Updated – measures in Poland
|Country||Poland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 29 April 2021 – 15 September 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics)|
|Measure added||20 July 2021 (updated 10 July 2023)|
Since late April 2021, the Polish Development Fund (PFR) responsible for the Financial Shields scheme has notified recipients of how much of the subsidies granted will be redeemed. Each case is reviewed on individual basis. PFR may request the subsidy to be returned in part of fully, if the conditions set out for various-sized companies are not met. The process of returning the subsidies commenced on 25 July 2021.
In general, subsidies cannot be fully redeemed. At least 25% of the subsidy must be returned. There are specific conditions envisaged for companies of various size for having the subsidies redeemed. For micro companies, these are as follows:
Both conditions must be fulfilled within 12 months of receiving support.
For SMEs, apart from keeping the company alive, all the employment must be retained, and there must also be a loss exceeding 25% of the amount of the subsidy recorded and reported.
According to information released by the PFR, as of early June 2021 about 7,000 decisions requesting return of subsidies were made. Furthermore, PFR sent letters with the proposed amount of subsidies to be redeemed to 253,000 firms, which received support under the Financial Shield 1.0. Nearly 150,000 recipients responded, and most of them agreed with the respective proposals made by the PFR.
On August 2021, the PFR claimed it had reclaimed about PLN 1 billion of subsidies recognised as wrongfully granted.
|Does not apply to workers||
One person or microenterprises
|Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Public support service providers
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners are not involved, as the whole process is governed by the legal regulation and provisions of respective agreements upon which subsidies have been granted.
No views on the process of returning subsidies are known.
Eurofound (2021), Financial Shield 1.0 for microfirms and SMEs - some subsidies to be returned, measure PL-2021-18/1978 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PL-2021-18_1978.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.