Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EE-2020-18/977 – Updated – measures in Estonia
|Country||Estonia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 May 2020 – 31 August 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||13 July 2020 (updated 20 September 2022)|
Due to the COVID-19 related containment measures, the private schools and childcare institutions lost at least parts of their income, while they still had ongoing costs. In addition, children and youth experienced rapid decrease in possibilities to engage in extracurricular developing activities (due to cancelled events or the loss or decrease of the income of the parents which reduce the possibilities to pay the participation fees). To mitigate the situation, the Ministry of Education and Research provides support to private child care institutions, schools and summer camps. The budget was allocated with the adoption of the supplementary state budget on 15 April 2020.
Two support schemes are available. A total of €15 million is allocated for those measures.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|08 December 2021||
Cia the supplemental state budget in the end of 2021, additional funds were allocated for summer camps with a focus on learning motivation. The caps took place during Summer 2022. The terms and conditions ffor receiving the support remained unchanged compared to previous year.
|06 May 2021||
The terms and conditions for camps support measure (€6 million) were approved. The focus of the camps was set on learning motivation - in order to stimulate the learning motivation and mental health of students in primary or secondary education (students in grades 1-12 and vocational schools) and to support the development of interest in general competences and subject areas. At least 1/3 of the activities must be related to youth work activities.
The support is available for general education instituions, universities, local governments, hobby schools, youth organisations. The duration of a camp is three to five days. Camps can take place from late June to 31 December 2021.
A total of up to 16 children can participate in one group. A total of up to 50,000 students can participate in the camps.
The maximum grant per applicant is €120 multiplied by the participants in the camp.
|27 April 2021||
The terms and conditions of allocating the €6 million to private education and private hobby activities were approved. The maximum grant per applicant was €40 multiplied by the number of students in the education or hobby organisation at 1 March 2021. The support is foreseen for covering unavoidable fixed costs of the organisations. The actual fixed costs for the period of 1 March – 30 April were taken into account when calculating the actual total support, while the allocated support can be used until the end of 2021. The application round was open in May 2021.
|18 March 2021||
The Government approved the additional state budget of which €14.4 million will be allocated to education field. The exact terms and conditions will be established after the Parliament will have approved the draft law. The initial plans foresee that:
|08 January 2021||
The allocation of the additional budget mentioned in the previous update was specified in January 2021. The support was meant to cover the costs of the period 12 December 2020 - 17 January 2021. The amount of the support was:
The total budget was €4.26 million.
|17 December 2020||
On 17 December the Government decided to allocate €1.5 million and on 31 December additional €2.74 million to the field of education and youth. From the €2.74 million most (€2.3 million) will be allocated to Ida-Virumaa and Harjumaa as those regions are most affected by the second wave. Private schools and private hobby activities providers receive support in the amount of €10 per student. The support is higher in Ida-Virumaa and Harjumaa (€30 per student).
The applications will be accepted as of January. The companies and organisations can also apply for a support from the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund to cover wage cost for the period 28 December - 17 January. However, each organisation can apply for only one of those support measures.
In 2020: Altogether 725 institutions received the support in the total amount of €7 million in relation to support for private education and hobby activities. In relation to summer camps, 369 organisations applied for around 700 camps in the total sum of €2.7 million. This allowed around 24,000 children to participate in camps.
In 2021: 743 private education and hobby organisations received the support in the total amount of €4.3 million. For learning motivation camps, 504 organisations received altogether €7.3 million.
In 2022: 517 learning motivation camps were supported in a total sum of €7.5 million.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
This case is sector-specific (only private sector)
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|P - Education||P85 Education|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Support in the field of education and youth, measure EE-2020-18/977 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EE-2020-18_977.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.