Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EE-2020-17/362 – Updated – measures in Estonia
|Country||Estonia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 19 April 2020 – 07 April 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||07 April 2020 (updated 30 May 2022)|
Due to restrictions on public gatherings, most of the events in culture sector were cancelled. The companies and event organisers therefore have lost millions of euros of income. To relieve the damage, the Ministry of Culture plans to partly compensate the costs already incurred by the event organisers. For this, supplementary finances were allocated from the state budget. The respective legislation regarding the supplementary state budget was approved by the Parliament on 15 April 2020.
A total of €19.8 million is available to be allocated to sport and culture field companies. The aim of the support package is to partially compensate the costs already incurred to companies in cultural sector. The total amount is divided as follows:
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|07 March 2022||
Part of the budget for measure in 2021 remained unused which was allocated to fields where the most troubles were found: 1) private concert organisers could apply for a support in the amount of 50% of the average sales revenue earned three years ago and the preceding financial year (maximum €200,000); 2) cultural organisers could apply for a support calculated on the basis of a decrease in the income of the last financial year or an increase in expenses compared to the financial year three years ago (maximum €200,000), the decrease in revenue or the increase in costs must be directly related to the effects and limitations of the COVID-19 outbreak.
|22 December 2021||
Most of the application rounds for the budget allocated in April 2021 were closed between June and December 2021. Only the application round for support for the risk mitigation of the organiser of the cultural event or conference is still open at the end of December 2021. Now new measures are currently foreseen.
|07 September 2021||
Between 7 and 20 September, associations in sport who are members of National Olympic Committee and have more than 100 members are eligible for support which is intended to cover their costs retrospectively in January-August 2021. The budget for the application round was €600,000.
|21 April 2021||
From the additional state budget, €42 million was allocated for sport and culture field.
|30 March 2021||
For the Harjumaa and Ida-Virumaa regions' culture managers, additional €2.4 million was allocated. 178 applicants will receive support.
|17 March 2021||
The Government agreed on the additional state budget which allows to use €42 million in the field of culture and sport. For culture field, €37.8 million is planned of which €25.3 million will be allocated to cultural managers; €5.3 million for cinemas, film producers and distributors. The support can be used for wage costs as well as for other costs. For sport field, €4.2 million will be allocated. In addition, in the amount of €6 million, a risk fund will be created which will cover the costs of important events that have already made but must be cancelled due to restrictions.
The exact terms and conditions will be made available after the Parliament has approved the draft act of the additional budget.
|05 January 2021||
On 17 December, the Government introduced additional budget for COVID-19 measures. Culture and sport field will receive additional €1.4 million, of which €560,000 will be allocated to culture and hobby activities, and €811,000 to sport field; on 30 December additional €153,000 was added.
On 30 December, additional funds to Harjumaa and Ida-Virumaa, two regions that have most suffered due to the second wave, were decided to be allocated in the amount of €3.7 million.
Specific conditions will be similar to the previous rounds, but exact conditions will be published in January 2021.
|06 October 2020||
In September 2020, two new fields were added among those who will receive state support, because €2.5 million was left from the previous allocation round. €350,000 is allocated to folk culture field, including hobby theaters, handicraft collectives, community culture centres, etc. €2 million will be allocated to film and music field. The target group is wider than in the first round and no ceiling is set to the support per company/collective.
|03 July 2020||
The applications were accepted between 8 and 18 May 2020. Each field had its own specific conditions for the compensation and eligibility criteria.
In 2021 in the sports field 252 applications with a total amount of €1.24 million have been approved by 1 June. In the culture field (private organisations in the culture and cinema/movie field) 710 applications with a total amount of €14 million have been approved by 19 June, and 79 applications with an amount of €2.9 million for experience centers and conference building owners were received by 28 May.
From the additional budget allocated in Spring 2021 sport and culture fields with state participation received a total of €4.1 million support to 31 organisations for two rounds in the sports field (ensuring the sustainability of physical activities and support for international sport events) altogether €903,556 was allocated which was used by 17 projects for sports associations. Altogether €670,000 was allocated covering 20 organisations.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
On the basis of state level good practice, relevant social partners are consulted when legislation is changed, i.e. they are informed about the changes and have the opportunity to give feedback in written form.
According to the feedback of the Estonian Association of SMEs, the foreseen budget allocation is not sufficient and more finances should be used to support the companies.
This case is sector-specific
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
|R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities|
|R93 Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Support package for culture field, measure EE-2020-17/362 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EE-2020-17_362.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.