European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Overview of measures by category

Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services

Cases in this category are aimed at ensuring that essential services obtain the required workforce and can continue to function smoothly. This includes, for instance, health and care-related services, agriculture, production of goods, information technology, transport services or the energy and utility sector. Such support could relate to the provision of specific or general labour market information, the mobilisation of a larger workforce, for instance through recruitment campaigns, setting incentives or easing restrictions for those currently not in work or employment, as well as faster skills recognition. It could also take the form of mandatory measures such as the temporary prohibition to take leave or the extension of maximum working time and new rota schemes. It also includes measures ensuring the smooth and speedy reallocation or redeployment of workers across industries, or between and within companies, and gathers cases on rewards for workers in essential services.

Overall, Eurofound has identified 140 measures in 30 countries for this category.

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.

5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


16 June 2022


Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.