European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Overview of measures by category

Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services

Cases in this category are aimed at ensuring that essential services obtain the required workforce and can continue to function smoothly. This includes, for instance, health and care-related services, agriculture, production of goods, information technology, transport services or the energy and utility sector. Such support could relate to the provision of specific or general labour market information, the mobilisation of a larger workforce, for instance through recruitment campaigns, setting incentives or easing restrictions for those currently not in work or employment, as well as faster skills recognition. It could also take the form of mandatory measures such as the temporary prohibition to take leave or the extension of maximum working time and new rota schemes. It also includes measures ensuring the smooth and speedy reallocation or redeployment of workers across industries, or between and within companies, and gathers cases on rewards for workers in essential services.

Overall, Eurofound has identified 131 measures in 29 countries for this category.

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

19 May 2022


Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021

This publication consists of individual country reports on working life during 2021 for 28 countries (the 27 EU Member States and Norway).


24 June 2020


COVID-19: Policy responses across Europe

This report aims to present an overview of both large-scale government measures and collective agreements that impact on large groups of workers.

16 June 2022


COVID-19 in the workplace: Employer's responsibility to ensure a safe workplace

Throughout 2021, the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, specific occupational health and safety rules were reintroduced due to increases in infection rates.


16 June 2022


Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.