Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2020-52/1673 – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 23 December 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Deferral of payments or liabilities
|Author||Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||07 January 2021 (updated 02 February 2021)|
The tourism value chain is one of the economic activities most affected by the current health crisis. Spain is the world leader in tourism, a sector that represents 12.4% of its GDP and accounts for 13.7% of affiliation with Social Security. In terms of visitors, in the January-October period there has been a fall of more than 76% compared to the same period of 2019, and tourist spending has fallen in a similar way, 75.9% compared to the same period of the year previous. These falls in the arrival of tourists have a profound effect on the hotel, air transport and discretionary bus transport sectors.
The Council of Ministers has approved a Stimulus Plan for hospitality, tourism and commerce with new measures that aim to alleviate the situation of companies and freelancers related to these activities and address their fixed costs such as salaries, leases or payment of taxes, among others, to allow them to maintain their viability and not be forced to close as a consequence of the pandemic.
The measures contained in the Plan are divided into five large blocks:
No information available.
|Applies to all workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
No involvement was reported.
Both trade unions and employers have welcomed the plan, as the tourism and commerce sectors and key for the Spanish economy and have been severely damaged by the COVID-19 crisis.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities||I55 Accommodation|
|I56 Food and beverage service activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2021), Stimulus plan for hotels, tourism and commerce, measure ES-2020-52/1673 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2020-52_1673.html
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.
16 June 2022
In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.