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in the development of better social, employment and
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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

War in Ukraine

Starting in April 2022, the EU PolicyWatch database update focuses predominantly on policies to cushion the impacts of the war in Ukraine. This includes on the one hand policies to support refugees from Ukraine and to implement their rights to accommodation, access to social protection, education, health care and the labour market. On the other hand, it maps policies related to cushioning the impacts of the war for EU citizens, workers and companies. This includes predominantly responses to rising inflation, but also support measures for companies and sectors affected by disruptions of supply chains.

The EU PolicyWatch database currently contains 366 measures related to the war in Ukraine.

Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

The EU PolicyWatch database currently contains 174 measures which support refugees from Ukraine in the following subcategories:


Policies to cushion the impact of rising prices

The disruptions to supply chains caused by the pandemic as well as the war in Ukraine led to an increase in energy prices, with knock-on effects to other products. Many governments in the EU have introduced policies to cushion the effects of rising prices for workers or citizens. The EU PolicyWatch currently contains 94 cases that seek to cushion the impact of inflation. The most common target groups of these measures are:

Note: As one policy measure can have multiple target groups, the figures in the graph can add up to more than the mentioned 94 measures in this category.

    • Support package for families with children

      To address the soaring prices, the government of Finland has introduced a support package to increase the purchasing power of families with children during 2023. These increases are temporary and wi...

      Finland | 30 September 2022

      Subsidy to replace old electric appliances

      The Greek government, on 17 June 2022 (with the joint Ministerial Decision No 61929/864 - Government Gazette No. 3099), announced the start of the "Recycle-Switch Device" program; a programme that sub...

      Greece | 19 September 2022

      Special levy on electricity producers

      As a respond to the crisis caused by the war in Ukraine and the large increases in the prices of the energy, the Greek government announced on 5 May 2022 a new National Support Programme, aimed at sup...

      Greece | 19 September 2022


Policies to support companies

EU Member States and Norway also implemented new policies or expanded existing measures to support companies which are strongly affected by the impacts of the war in Ukraine. The database currently contains 52 cases, with the latest being the following:



The war in Ukraine has unleashed a humanitarian emergency in Europe. Millions of refugees from Ukraine – mainly women and children – have fled to other countries to seek shelter and safety. Through the Temporary Protection Ddirective (2001/55/EC) the EU provides for a number of rights for refugees without having to go through lengthy procedures for the application for asylum. Various actors in Member States – governments, NGOs, the social partners – have started to respond to this large influx, by issuing new initiatives and policies.

Another impact of the war relates to the disruption of supply chains, compounding the strain caused by the pandemic. As a result, businesses, citizens and workers in the EU are faced with soaring energy prices and increasing food prices. Together with pressures on (already strained) housing markets, this creates a substantial threat to people's purchasing power and standard of living, but also to companies' viability.

The database will, therefore, seek during 2022 to map policies (including collective agreements, company cases or other initiatives) aimed at addressing and cushioning the impacts of this new crisis on EU companies, workers and citizens.

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.

5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


16 June 2022


Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.