European Foundation
for the Improvement of
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The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

War in Ukraine

Starting in April 2022, the EU PolicyWatch database update focuses predominantly on policies to cushion the impacts of the war in Ukraine. This includes on the one hand policies to support refugees from Ukraine and to implement their rights to accommodation, access to social protection, education, health care and the labour market. On the other hand, it maps policies related to cushioning the impacts of the war for EU citizens, workers and companies. This includes predominantly responses to rising inflation, but also support measures for companies and sectors affected by disruptions of supply chains.

The EU PolicyWatch database currently contains 222 measures related to the war in Ukraine.

Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

The EU PolicyWatch database currently contains 141 measures which support refugees from Ukraine in the following subcategories:


Policies to cushion the impact of rising prices

The disruptions to supply chains caused by the pandemic as well as the war in Ukraine led to an increase in energy prices, with knock-on effects to other products. Many governments in the EU have introduced policies to cushion the effects of rising prices for workers or citizens. The EU PolicyWatch currently contains 28 cases that seek to cushion the impact of inflation. The most common target groups of these measures are:

Note: As one policy measure can have multiple target groups, the figures in the graph can add up to more than the mentioned 28 measures in this category.

    • Increased commuter allowance

      Energy prices, which have been rising for months, have been additionally fuelled by the war in the Ukraine. The federal government thus implemented various measures in the first few months of 2022 (se...

      Austria | 01 June 2022

      Monthly subsidy for families to counter inflation

      The situation of armed conflict in Ukraine had an effect on the price of basic foodstuffs and fuel. To mitigate the effects of the extraordinary increase in the prices of essential goods, the Governme...

      Portugal | 01 June 2022

      Autovoucher subsidy for fuel consumption

      The financial support took place in an extraordinary context of rising fuel prices, as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine, in support of citizens and families within the fra...

      Portugal | 01 June 2022


Policies to support companies

EU Member States and Norway also implemented new policies or expanded existing measures to support companies which are strongly affected by the impacts of the war in Ukraine. The database currently contains 38 cases, with the latest being the following:

    • Access to the labour market for refugees from Ukraine

      Over 64,000 Ukrainians fleeing from the Russian invasion in their country have been registered in Austria by early May. With the activation of Council Directive 2001/55/EC, Ukrainian refugees are gran...

      Austria | 02 June 2022

      Production Support Line: Credit for enterprises affected by inflation

      The Production Support Line aims to support companies in the manufacturing, transport and storage sectors, to face the additional working capital needs, resulting from the increase of the costs of the...

      Portugal | 01 June 2022

      Electricity subsidy for companies

      One of the most important consequences of the international crisis caused by the pandemic and the war in Ukraine has been the increase in the price of energy, which has disproportionately burdened th...

      Greece | 24 May 2022



The war in Ukraine has unleashed a humanitarian emergency in Europe. Millions of refugees from Ukraine – mainly women and children – have fled to other countries to seek shelter and safety. Through the Temporary Protection Ddirective (2001/55/EC) the EU provides for a number of rights for refugees without having to go through lengthy procedures for the application for asylum. Various actors in Member States – governments, NGOs, the social partners – have started to respond to this large influx, by issuing new initiatives and policies.

Another impact of the war relates to the disruption of supply chains, compounding the strain caused by the pandemic. As a result, businesses, citizens and workers in the EU are faced with soaring energy prices and increasing food prices. Together with pressures on (already strained) housing markets, this creates a substantial threat to people's purchasing power and standard of living, but also to companies' viability.

The database will, therefore, seek during 2022 to map policies (including collective agreements, company cases or other initiatives) aimed at addressing and cushioning the impacts of this new crisis on EU companies, workers and citizens.

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

19 May 2022


Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021

This publication consists of individual country reports on working life during 2021 for 28 countries (the 27 EU Member States and Norway).


24 June 2020


COVID-19: Policy responses across Europe

This report aims to present an overview of both large-scale government measures and collective agreements that impact on large groups of workers.

16 June 2022


COVID-19 in the workplace: Employer's responsibility to ensure a safe workplace

Throughout 2021, the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, specific occupational health and safety rules were reintroduced due to increases in infection rates.


16 June 2022


Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.