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Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure PL-2023-1/3188 – measures in Poland

Gas price subsidies for bakeries and confectioneries

Dopłaty do cen gazu dla piekarni i cukierni

Country Poland , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 January 2023 – 31 December 2023
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial) or damage compensation
Author Monika Helak (Polityka Insight) and Eurofound
Measure added 01 June 2023 (updated 11 July 2023)

Background information

Due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine and other political and economic factors, the cost of electricity has increased significantly in 2022 and 2023. To protect households and businesses from high electricity prices, the government introduced a number of regulations.

Legal reference: Ustawa z dnia 15 grudnia 2022 r. o szczególnej ochronie niektórych odbiorców paliw gazowych w 2023 r. w związku z sytuacją na rynku gazu, Dz. U. z 2022 r. poz. 2687, z 2023 r. poz. 295, 556.

Content of measure

This measure amends the Law of 15 December 2022. That law guarantees the special protection of consumers of fuel from exorbitantly high prices. In response to the inflation caused by the war in Ukraine, the amendment brings the provision up to date with the gas market conditions of 2023. It provides a subsidy of PLN 200,17 (€44.58) per MWh to help compensate for the increased price of fuel. This subsidy is provided exclusively to bakeries, confectionaries and food cooperatives. Since 1 April 2023, bakeries and confectioneries have received these reduced gas rates to help their businesses survive the economic challenges.

Use of measure

It is estimated that about 11,000 bakeries operate in Poland. There is no data on the number of confectionaries or food cooperatives that operate in the country. Therefore, it is impossible to assess the full scope of the impact of the gas subsidies.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


No involvement.

Views and reactions


Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C10 Manufacture of food products

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 03 January 2023: Law of December 15, 2022 on special protection of certain consumers of gaseous fuels in 2023 in connection with the gas market situation (


Eurofound (2023), Gas price subsidies for bakeries and confectioneries, measure PL-2023-1/3188 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.