Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SK-2000-1/2505 – Updated – measures in Slovakia
|Country||Slovakia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 January 2000|
|Context||Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Access to finance
|Author||Rastislav Bednarik, Daniela Keselova and Miroslava Kordosova (IVPR) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 29 November 2022)|
Industrial parks and zones are available for foreign or domestic investors planning to run a business in Slovakia. Detail information on available Industrial parks and zones is provided by the Ministry of Economy. They are available in certain regions and the most of industrial parks and zones are located in Western Slovakia and Eastern Slovakia. For instance, nearby Nitra and Kosice cities, respectively. Upon information on available industrial parks and zones, employers can decide on the location of their business undertaking in the country.
Industrial parks/zones play an important role in anticipating restructuring in Slovakia via attracting investors. The Ministry of Economy (MH SR) provides detailed information for foreign and domestic investors on eligible industrial parks and zones. Investors can use it for the decision on suitable location for their companies. Building industrial parks and zones is funded from national, regional and European resources (ERDF). This involves planning, organisation and implementation of restructuring aimed at developing employment in selected regions through new direct investments, often from foreign multinationals, including the development of skills. Industrial parks provide infrastructure, such as electricity, gas and water supply, telecommunication and related road network. Besides basic infrastructure, investors in industrial parks can ask for state aid to support their business activities and may avail of free of charge consultations. Industrial parks are also available for SMEs.
The programme is implemented mainly in regions with high unemployment rates. From 2004 to 2013, through the operational programmes Industry and Services and Competitiveness and Growth, non-returnable grants were provided for the amount of €102 million for building 25 industrial parks. Since then, to satisfy growing demand of investors, some of the parks have been enlarged and new ones were established. According to the MH SR, a total of 43,710 new jobs were created in 74 industrial parks in Slovakia as of 30 June 2017.
By June 2020, almost 64,500 new jobs were created in 77 industrial parks. The effects of Covid-19 were also felt here - as of June 30, 2021, the number of workers decreased - over 55,400 workers worked in 76 industrial parks.
Examples of companies that are located in industrial parks: Foxconn Slovakia and Jaguar Land Rover Slovakia in Nitra-Nord, Getrag-Ford in Kechnec, Minebea Mitsumy in Immopark Kosice, BASF in Zahorie Eurovalley, Samsung in Galanta-East, Arcelor Mittal in Senica, Johnson Controls in Trencin, Volkswagen in Martin-Sucany, Kia in Teplicka nad Vahom, Honeywell in Presov-Zaborske, Amazon in Sered industrial parks.
|Does not apply to workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Local / regional government
Public employment service
Public support service providers
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Sectoral bodies are sometimes involved indirectly. For instance, the Association of the Automotive Industry (ZAP) - the most of car producers and their supliers were built in greenfield industrial parks and zones.
Eurofound (2022), Industrial parks and Industrial zones, measure SK-2000-1/2505 (measures in Slovakia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2000-1_2505.html
30 January 2023
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.