Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure MT-2020-24/939 – Updated – measures in Malta
|Country||Malta , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 08 June 2020 – 31 August 2021|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Luke Anthony Fiorini (University of Malta) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||07 July 2020 (updated 20 June 2022)|
COVID-19 had a marked negative financial impact on several sectors in Malta. By means of a tripartite agreement, a package of measures to save jobs and organisations was agreed and announced by the Government on 24 March 2020. Amongst the measures in this package, wage subsidies were offered to sectors which were worst hit. During a 'mini budget' announced on the 8 June 2020, which aimed to regenerate Malta's economy, Government announced that organisations which were eligible for the wage subsidy were now also eligible to apply for an electricity bill refund.
During the first months of resuming operations (July, August and September 2020) businesses eligible for the COVID-19 Wage Supplement 'will be assisted on 50% of a commercial rate account up to an amount of €1,500 per applicant.' The measure focuses on operating costs, and thus the amount does not include the payment for the electricity meter. The total cost of this measure is expected to reach just over €30 million.
Full details of this measure were published on 27 August 2020, this highlighted that the maximum grant of €1,500 was for those with a single electricity account. Those with more agreements (up to 5), as they operate from multiple sites, could receive a grant of up to €7,500.
For July till September 2020, 6,422 applications were submitted to Malta Enterprise, covering a total of 7,274 bills.
It was announced on the 19 December 2020 that the first round of repayments as part of the electricity bill refund scheme were to be distributed. The four sectors that had applied for this refund where the Whole sale and retailers (33%), accommodation and food (27%), personal services such as hairdressers (16%) and manufacturing (8%). It was further clarified in Q1 of 2021 by the Malta Enterprise that following a verification process of applications, this scheme would be assisting 3,280 companies and 1,860 self employed individuals. The expenditure was expected to be €6 million.
During an April 2022 conference, the Minister for the Environment, Energy and Sustainable Development, Miriam Dalli, announced that a total of €7 million had been spent on this measure.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
By means of a tripartite agreement, a package of measures to save jobs and organisations was agreed on 24th march 2020. This was the third but most significant package of measures announced by the Government. Following this agreement, social partners remained in direct contact with the government highlighting their proposals of what was felt was still necessary to save the Maltese economy and jobs. The Malta Hotels and Restaurants Association (MHRA) had been vocal about the need for electricity subsidies during this period. In view of this, on the 8 June 2020, the government announced a 'mini budget' to help the Maltese economy to recover from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Essentially, this was the fourth package of measures announced by the government. The current measure formed part of this package. Further information on the measure are yet to be published.
The re-issuing of a package of measures that included this scheme in April 2021 was said to be due to consultation between Employer Associations and the Ministry for Energy, Enterprise and Sustainable Development. The degree of consultation on each specific measure is unknown.
The fourth package of measures, of which the current measure formed part of, received public support from an array of social partners. Those positive and vocal about it were primarily business associations, including the Chamber of Commerce, the Chamber of SMEs, the Malta Employers' Association, the Malta Hotels and Restaurants Association (MHRA), and the Association of Catering Establishments. The MHRA had been vocal about the need for electricity subsidies prior to the announcement and expressed their support for this particular measure once announced. The Gozo Business Chamber also welcomed both the package and this specific measure.
The feedback on the overall package from unions was more mixed; The Union Ħaddiema Magħqudin (UHM) Voice of the Workers argued that only 6% of €900 million of this package will end up benefitting workers directly. Furthermore, they questioned why electricity subsidies were not being extended to workers too. Conversely, the General Workers' Union supported the package.
A September 2020 Malta Employers' Association survey highlighted limited satisfaction with the electricity refund measure; 16% of respondents felt that it was effective. The COVID-19 wage supplement scored highest with 62%.
In April 2021, it was announced that the electricity refund scheme as well as several other schemes were to be re-issued. Reacting to this package of measures, the Chamber for SMEs (an employers association) welcomed the new financial assistance and highlighted that the package was the result of intense consultation between their members as well as with the Ministry for Energy, Enterprise and Sustainable Development. The Malta Chamber of Commerce, Enterprise and Industry also spoke favourably of the package of measures, noting that several were ones proposed by this Employers' Association. The measures were also praised by the Malta Hotels and Restaurants Association and the Gozo Business Chamber.
Within their September 2022 pre-budget document, the Malta Chamber of SMEs requested that the Electricity Bill refund scheme was maintained beyond its current expiratory date.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|C - Manufacturing||C10 Manufacture of food products|
|C11 Manufacture of beverages|
|C12 Manufacture of tobacco products|
|C13 Manufacture of textiles|
|C14 Manufacture of wearing apparel|
|C15 Manufacture of leather and related products|
|C16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials|
|C17 Manufacture of paper and paper products|
|C18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media|
|C19 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products|
|C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products|
|C21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations|
|C22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products|
|C23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products|
|C24 Manufacture of basic metals|
|C25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment|
|C26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products|
|C27 Manufacture of electrical equipment|
|C28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.|
|C29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Electricity bill refund for companies availing of the wage-subsidy scheme, measure MT-2020-24/939 (measures in Malta), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/MT-2020-24_939.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. As winter approaches, preventing and addressing energy poverty becomes a priority. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofoundâ€™s EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.