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Factsheet for measure ES-2010-27/2620 – measures in Spain

Fund for the internalisation of the company (FIEM)

Fondo para la Internacionalización de la Empresa (FIEM)

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 28 June 2010
Context COVID-19, Restructuring Support Instruments
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Measures related to foreign trade
Author Jessica Durán (IKEI) and Eurofound
Measure added 23 June 2022 (updated 03 November 2022)

Background information

The Fund was created with Law 11/2010 of 28 June 2010 on the reform of the financial support system for the internationalisation of Spanish companies, as an instrument for the financing of official support for the internationalisation of Spanish companies. Enterprises that want to start exporting or expand business by enlarging their commercial networks or establish production units abroad are eligible to take part in this initiative.

Content of measure

FIEM offers finance (credits to invest abroad or to conduct export activities and subsidies for consultancy, assessment or technical assistance) for Spanish companies abroad, like export operations. The public funds are combined with private funds supported through a state guarantee.

FIEM offers financing resources by means of four financing modalities:

  • Finance for export operations addressed to Spanish companies located in a foreign country.
  • Finance addressed to Spanish companies that aim to invest in a foreign country.
  • Finance for export of services such as viability studies, technical assistance, or consulting services. This financing line is addressed to foreign companies that hire Spanish companies in order to carry out some of services mentioned.
  • Finance for export operations addressed at Spanish companies, provided to non-viable projects in countries eligible to receive aids (countries with low income according to the World Bank).

The government expanded and modified FIEM in May 2020 in the context of the COVID-19 crisis, facilitating the access to finance and making the procedures more flexible. Specifically, these changes increased the annual funds by additional €100 million. Likewise, it might increase of additional €100 million depending on the evolution of the COVID-19 crisis. In addition, the maximum amount that the FIEM can finance per operation was increased to €10 million and the amortisation period was more flexible.

Use of measure

Since its implementation, FIEM has invested €296.95 (2011), €149.77 (2012), €182.30 (2013), €204.65 (2014), €170.72 (2015), €201.64 (2016), €211.5 (2017), €61.8 (2018), €364.7 and €318 million in (2020) with credits. In 2017, 86 companies were supported by FIEM. Also during 2017, FIEM has emphasised its orientation to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with the objective to increase their average size. An increasing number of SMEs benefits of the support of FIEM while the average size of the credit granted is lower - the average amount in 2017 was €10.8 million (the lowest in the seven years of activity of FIEM). The support to SMEs has been especially reinforced in 2017 with the approval of the FIEM Small Project of Export and Investment, particularly oriented to the financing of projects promoted by this type of companies. During 2017, 3 projects were charged to this line for an amount of less than €1 million, five projects in 2018 and 10 projects in 2019 ( Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism 2020 ).

Strengths: FIEM complies with the objective of mitigating the effects of possible market failures on the operations of Spanish companies abroad, of multiplying private resources and of obtaining induced effects of business operations abroad for the whole of the Spanish economy, in particular of SMEs ( Ruiz Iglesias 2019 ).

Weaknesses: Sometimes the FIEM instrument requirements can be too rigid in granting credits (for example in 2018) ( Ruiz Iglesias 2019 ).

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


No involvement

Views and reactions



  • 29 June 2010: Law No. 11/2010 of 28 of June (
  • 07 January 2013: Eurofound (2012), Born global: The potential of job creation in new international businesses, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. (
  • 01 January 2018: Activity Report 2018 (
  • 01 January 2019: Activity Report 2019 (
  • 09 June 2020: Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism (2020), The Government expands by 100 million more aid to SMEs for their internationalization, press release, Madrid, 9 June (
  • 28 October 2022: Ruiz Iglesias, A. (2019), 'Los instrumentos de apoyo financiero a la internacionalización diez años después de la crisis'. ICE, Revista De Economía, (906) (


Eurofound (2022), Fund for the internalisation of the company (FIEM), measure ES-2010-27/2620 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.