European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Restructuring support instruments

Since 2011, the Restructuring Support Instruments database has been collating information on measures which assist companies and workers in anticipating and managing restructuring. Domestic support instruments are collected from the European Union Member States and Norway.

The support instruments are described in terms of their characteristics, involved actors, funding sources, strengths, weaknesses and outcomes. The aim of this database is to inform governments, social partners and other stakeholders on country-level support instruments which have been implemented to anticipate and manage restructuring events.

This part of the database was part of the European Restructuring Monitor (ERM).

The EU PolicyWatch database currently contains 311 restructuring support instruments.

Categories of restructuring support instruments

Support instruments are grouped into one of eight categories. Each category has corresponding sub-categories to further refine and understand the purpose of a restructuring support instrument.

Out of the EU27 and Norway, 28% of measures (87 in total) feature Reorientation of business activities as the most common category for restructuring support instruments. The most frequent sub-category is Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.).

Actors involved in the design and implementation of restructuring support instruments

Involvement in funding of support instruments

An overview of social partners’ and goverments’ involvement in funding measures to support companies and affected employees in the anticipation and management of restructuring.

Note: As one policy measure can have multiple sources of funding, the figures in the graph can add up to more than the total measures in Restructuring support instruments.

Funding for support instruments by governance level

Out of the 311 instruments where the national government is part of a funding group, 96 are funded only by the government. This makes national governments the largest domestic funder of restructuring support instruments in the database.

Note: As one policy measure can have multiple sources of funding, the figures in the graph can add up to more than the total measures in Restructuring support instruments.

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.