Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EE-2020-20/962 – Updated – measures in Estonia
|Country||Estonia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 11 May 2020 – 26 July 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||10 July 2020 (updated 23 March 2022)|
In tourism, accommodation and food, and commerce sectors, several companies were in difficult financial situation due to the COVID-19 related containment measures resulting in significant or total loss of income. With the adoption of the supplementary state budget on 15 April 2020, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communication supports those companies via Enterprise Estonia (EAS), a state-founded foundation which aims at developing the Estonian economy.
In May and June 2020, Enterprise Estonia provided seven different grants to partially compensate the losses due to the COVID-19 outbreak of:
Each grant has its own eligibility criteria and terms and conditions. Overall, the amount of the grant per company could be between €2,000 and €60,000, depending on the specific grant. For compensation of the rental fee, the minimum amount was €100. The total budget allocated to compensate the losses was €36.5 million.
By 12 April 2021, 6,991 applications have been submitted of which 4,141 in the total amount of €33.8 million have been approved.
By 8 July 2021, 9,668 applications have been submitted of which 6,538 in the total amount of €76.9 million have been approved.
By 28 September 2021, 9,685 applications have bee submitted of which 6,611 in the total amount of €82.3 million have been approved.
Data available on the EAS webpage .
In May 2021, the National Audit Office published an audit covering the main support measures provided to companies during the crisis. The main conclusions were that EAS measures have been used properly, meaning that the support was allocated to those whose turnover, labour costs and number of employees decreased on average more than those who did not receive the support.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
One person or microenterprises
|Does not apply to citizens|
Public support service providers
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||Consulted|
|Form||Not applicable||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
A number of different sectoral social partners were involved – they proactively provided their opinions and suggestions, which also received written feedback from the Ministry. Instead of peak-level social partners, they were concentrated more on sectoral social partners.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|G - Wholesale And Retail Trade; Repair Of Motor Vehicles And Motorcycles||G46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles|
|G47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles|
|I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities||I55 Accommodation|
|I56 Food and beverage service activities|
|N - Administrative And Support Service Activities||N79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Grants for SMEs and entrepreneurs in tourism, accommodation, catering, travel and commerce sectors, measure EE-2020-20/962 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EE-2020-20_962.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.