European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure NO-2020-23/1244 – measures in Norway

Subsidies to commercial bus and passenger boat operators

Kompensasjonsordning for operatører av kommersielle buss- og passasjerbåtruter

Country Norway , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 June 2020 – 31 August 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Access to finance
Author Aasmund Arup Seip, FAFO and Eurofound
Measure added 05 October 2020 (updated 09 October 2020)

Background information

In June 2020, the government proposed a subsidy scheme for operators of commercial bus and passenger boat routes. After a public hearing, a scheme was adopted on 20 July with effect from 1 June 2020. The purpose of the scheme is to maintain the offer of commercial long-distance bus and passenger boat routes by compensating for lost ticket revenues due to infection control measures introduced to combat COVID-19.

Content of measure

The Norwegian Railway Directorate manage the subsidy scheme for commercial bus and boat routes on behalf of The Ministry of Transport and Communications. The scheme applies to June, July and August with a deadline for each month four weeks after the end of the month for which the grant is applied for. (The deadlines have later been prolonged.) NOK 100 million (€9.3 million) is set aside in the state budget for compensation under the scheme.

The government wanted to direct the scheme at express buses and boat routes that play a similar role as express buses. Operators of such routes have reported a need for financial assistance, and The Ministry of Transport and Communications found it most important to implement measures to secure public transport along the main transport routes in the country. Applicants, who have a permit to operate passenger transport on a route with a motor vehicle or passenger boat, can apply for subsidy under the scheme when the route is over 80 kilometers one way. It is a requirement that the route is commercial and that there is year-round operation on the route.

Use of measure

No information to date.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners have been consulted regularly during design and implementation of the measure. The government send the proposal for measure out for comment in a public hearing where the social partners were included.

Views and reactions

The social partners are supportive of the measure.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      H - Transportation And Storage H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines
      H50 Water transport

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 30 June 2020: Høring - utkast til forskrift om midlertidig tilskudd til operatører av kommersielle buss- og passasjerbåtruter (
  • 05 August 2020: Jernbanedirektoratet forvalter tilskuddsordning for kommersielle buss- og båtruter (


Eurofound (2020), Subsidies to commercial bus and passenger boat operators , measure NO-2020-23/1244 (measures in Norway), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.