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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case RO-2020-18/535 – measures in Romania

Temporary suspension of payment obligations for loans

Suspendare temoporara a platii ratelor bancare

Country Romania , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 30 April 2020 – 15 May 2020
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Deferral of payments or liabilities
Author Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania) and Eurofound
Case created 13 April 2020 (updated 03 May 2020)

Background information

The Romanian Government introduced several measures to mitigate the negative effects of the COVID–19 outbreak, which lead to certain debtors being negatively affected, small and medium-sized enterprises and other legal entities facing a severe lack of liquidity. In this context and in order to limit the extent of the economic hardships, the Government allows the entities that are beneficiaries of loans from financial institutions to suspend their payment obligations for up to 9 months, but no longer than 31 December 2020.

Content of measure

The Government allows the entities that are beneficiaries of loans from financial institutions to suspend their payment obligations for up to 9 months, but no longer than 31 December 2020. Any individual or legal entity, be they persons, enterprises or other forms of activity (self-employed persons, family businesses) who have acquired a loan or a leasing qualify for a temporary suspension. The debtors must be in good standing, having settled their financial obligations to the date before making the request for suspension. A sworn statement must be provided by the debtors, attesting the fact that their activity has been affected by the pandemic. The legal entities must provide proof, in the form of certificates for emergency situations, obtained from the Ministry of Economy, Energy and Business. The precondition is for the entity asking for suspension to be directly or indirectly affected by the pandemic. The months of suspension are to be added to the initial credit period, and the total credit period that result cannot exceed the sum of the initial credit period and the months of suspension.

Use of measure

Romanian banks have approximately 1,5 million retail clients and 100.000 corporate costumers. Approximately 10% (150.000 retail customers and 10.000 corporate customers) have applied for the suspension of payments until 12th April 2020, but the number will probably increase, since the measure applies until mid-May 2020.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Self-employed
Other groups of workers
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown

Involvement

N/A

Views and reactions

Starting with the 26th March, the Government has suspended the social dialogue for the period of state of emergency

Sources

Citation

Eurofound (2020), Temporary suspension of payment obligations for loans, case RO-2020-18/535 (measures in Romania), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.