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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case HU-2021-11/1833 – measures in Hungary

Restart interest-free fast loan

Kamatmentes Újraindítási Gyorskölcsön

Country Hungary , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 08 March 2021 – 30 November 2021
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to get back to normal
– Measures to support a gradual relaunch of work
Author Nóra Krokovay (KOPINT-Tárki) and Eurofound
Case created 09 April 2021 (updated 06 May 2021)

Background information

Under government decree 1038/2021 (5 February). The government is opening up a credit scheme for businesses to facilitate the relaunch for companies impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Applications for the loan must be submitted to the central bank and evaluation will be fast-tracked. The main criteria are that the company did not make a loss in 2019 as well as its current viability and operability. Funding will come from EU-REACT funds.

Content of measure

The maximum amount of the loan is HUF 10 million (€27,780) and it can be used for paying wages, social contributions, rent, operating costs or stocks with an annual interest rate of 0% for a maximum of 10 years. The loan amount cannot exceed the company’s revenue in 2019. No down payment is needed. Interest repayment begins after a three-year grace period following the transfer of the loan. Only one loan per company is available.

In the first phase the credit is targeted at tourism, restaurants and catering and sports sectors and their suppliers. From March 16 the circle of applicants was widened to include 55 different activities/sectors. These are:

  • retail (NACE 4719-4779)
  • road transport NACE 4939
  • accommodation NACE 5510-5590
  • food and drink services NACE 5610-5630
  • film screening NACE 5914; Rental and leasing of personal and household goods NACE 772;
  • travel agency and tour operators NACE 79; organisation of conventions and trade shows NACE 823,
  • sports training and other education NACE 855, 856;
  • live performance NACE 9001, 02, 04;
  • museums, zoo, recreation NACE 91
  • sports NACE 93,
  • repairs NACE 952;
  • hairdressers and personal services NACE 960

Use of measure

The government has budgeted HUF 100 billion (€277.8 million) for the credit scheme. The sectors in which companies are eligible for the loan were determined by the National Bank of Hungary, in consultation with the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce. The credit line is distributed so that applications from the capital of Budapest and the surrounding Pest county are capped at 40% of the budgeted amount. According to the central bank, more than 5,000 businesses applied for the loan in just the first four days of its launch and the average size of a loan was HUF 9.2 million

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Solo-self-employed
SMEs
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Employers' organisations
European Funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement Consulted
Form Not applicable Unknown

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level

Involvement

The sectors in which companies are eligible for the loan were determined by the National Bank of Hungary, in consultation with the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce.

Views and reactions

No known views.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      G - Wholesale And Retail Trade; Repair Of Motor Vehicles And Motorcycles G47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
      H - Transportation And Storage H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines
      I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities I55 Accommodation
      I56 Food and beverage service activities
      J - Information And Communication J59 Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities
      N - Administrative And Support Service Activities N77 Rental and leasing activities
      N79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities
      N82 Office administrative, office support and other business support activities
      P - Education P85 Education
      R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities
      R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities
      R93 Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities
      S - Other Service Activities S95 Repair of computers and personal and household goods
      S96 Other personal service activities

This case is not occupation-specific.

Sources

  • 05 February 2021: Govt decree 1038 on restart loan
  • 22 February 2021: Govt to fund 10bn free loan from EU funds (www.portfolio.hu)
  • 24 March 2021: MNB: More than HUF 10bn allocated in restart loans (www.mfb.hu)

Citation

Eurofound (2021), Restart interest-free fast loan, case HU-2021-11/1833 (measures in Hungary), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.