Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PL-2021-13/1751 – Updated – measures in Poland
|Country||Poland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 22 March 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics)|
|Measure added||02 February 2021 (updated 29 September 2023)|
With the schools staying closed for a substantial periods of time since March 2020 (Poland belongs to the EU Member States with the longest accumulated time of remote schooling), school shops, usually operated by self-employed people, came to face serious difficulties, even forcing some of the operators to seek alternative sources of income and employment. While school shop operators could claim some general benefits from the Anti-Crisis Shield (e.g. deferral of social security dues payments), they have been omitted from the list of operations (selected by sectoral criteria) receiving direct financial aid. In March 2021, the government decided to change its position on school shops. It has shown the intention to extend coverage of the 'sectoral shield' (Anti-Crisis Shield 6.0) also to those entities by including them in the relevant draft legislation.
According to the draft legislation, school shops will receive assistance in the form of:
The basic criterion for granting aid will be a 40% drop in income recorded in the relevant period of account (likely to be calculated according to the formula: the month of the application submission against the same month from the previous year).
In addition, the draft intends to introduce favourable changes for business with regard to coexistence of two aid instruments - exemption from social security contributions and subsidies to employees' salaries.
The instrument has not been activated yet.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
One person or microenterprises
|Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|G - Wholesale And Retail Trade; Repair Of Motor Vehicles And Motorcycles||G47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2021), Aiding school shops on the government agenda, measure PL-2021-13/1751 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PL-2021-13_1751.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.