Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EE-2020-10/341 – Updated – measures in Estonia
|Country||Estonia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 March 2020 – 31 December 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Deferral of payments or liabilities
|Author||Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||07 April 2020 (updated 14 July 2020)|
Due to reduced income of companies, there are difficulties foreseen in relation to paying taxes by the companies. Collecting interest on these tax arrears further worsens the situation of the companies. Therefore, the government decided that while tax obligation remains in place, there are other ways to reduce the burden of the companies. For suspending the interests on tax arrears, a government decree was changed and relevant subsection was added.
The Estonian Tax and Customs Board suspended the calculation of interests on tax arrears of companies from 1 March 2020 until the end of the emergency situation (currently 17 May 2020). After the end of the emergency situation, the interest rate is reduced from 0.06% to 0.03% per day until the end of 2021.
Also, companies with deferred taxes or deferred tax debt can have interest rate reduced by up to 100% from 1 May 2020 to 31 December 2021. Usually, the interest rate can be reduced up to 50%.
Additionally, no tax arrears are published in public business registries as usual.
According to Tax and Customs Board, by 25 May 2020, more than 10,000 companies had incurred a tax debt more than €50 during the emergency situation. The total amount of the tax debt was €128 million. 4,000 companies had deferred their tax debt.
|Does not apply to workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
No information to add.
Eurofound (2020), Interests on tax arrears suspended/reduced, measure EE-2020-10/341 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EE-2020-10_341.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.