Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2020-19/1595 – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 06 May 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Access to finance
|Author||Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||10 December 2020 (updated 02 February 2021)|
The objective of this policy is to help companies in the cultural sector to face the economic and social impact of COVID-19. The policy consists of a budgetary investment of the Ministry of Culture and Sports of €76.4 million, without taking into account the impact of fiscal measures such as fiscal deductions and incentives or the improvement of the system of incentives for audiovisual production in the corporation tax.
The Royal Decree consists of two types of measures:
First, support for workers in the cultural sector who have not been covered by the unemployment protection system or extraordinary mechanisms established to date. In this way, a response is given to groups of artists who partake in public shows framed in the General Social Security Scheme, they are especially vulnerable in current circumstances, given that due to the intermittency that characterizes artistic activity, they do not meet the requirements to claim unemployment benefit.
Secondly, the law also opens a new line of credit of €17 million for cultural companies. These credits are made accessible to cultural companies through the Sociedad de Garantía Recíproca Audiovisual Fianzas SGR.
No information available
|Applies to all workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners were consulted about these measures
Both trade unions (Agrupación de Asociaciones del Audiovisual, AAA; Foro de Asociaciones de Guionistas de Audiovisuales, FAGA; Sindicato de Técnicos Audiovisuales y Cinematográficos del Estado Español, TACEE) and employer organisations (Spain film Commission, PROFILM ) in the film, audiovisual and broadcasting sector made a very positive assessment of this measure.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
|R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities|
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Legal, social and cultural professionals|
Eurofound (2020), Measures to support the cultural sector, measure ES-2020-19/1595 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2020-19_1595.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.