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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2020-19/1595 – measures in Spain

Measures to support the cultural sector

Medidas de apoyo al sector cultural

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 06 May 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Access to finance
Author Carlos Molina (UAB)
Measure added 10 December 2020 (updated 02 February 2021)

Background information

The objective of this policy is to help companies in the cultural sector to face the economic and social impact of COVID-19. The policy consists of a budgetary investment of the Ministry of Culture and Sports of €76.4 million, without taking into account the impact of fiscal measures such as fiscal deductions and incentives or the improvement of the system of incentives for audiovisual production in the corporation tax.

Content of measure

The Royal Decree consists of two types of measures:

First, support for workers in the cultural sector who have not been covered by the unemployment protection system or extraordinary mechanisms established to date. In this way, a response is given to groups of artists who partake in public shows framed in the General Social Security Scheme, they are especially vulnerable in current circumstances, given that due to the intermittency that characterizes artistic activity, they do not meet the requirements to claim unemployment benefit.

Secondly, the law also opens a new line of credit of €17 million for cultural companies. These credits are made accessible to cultural companies through the Sociedad de Garantía Recíproca Audiovisual Fianzas SGR.

Use of measure

No information available

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners were consulted about these measures

Views and reactions

Both trade unions (Agrupación de Asociaciones del Audiovisual, AAA; Foro de Asociaciones de Guionistas de Audiovisuales, FAGA; Sindicato de Técnicos Audiovisuales y Cinematográficos del Estado Español, TACEE) and employer organisations (Spain film Commission, PROFILM ) in the film, audiovisual and broadcasting sector made a very positive assessment of this measure.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities
      R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities
    • Occupation (ISCO level 2)
      Legal, social and cultural professionals



Eurofound (2020), Measures to support the cultural sector, measure ES-2020-19/1595 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.