Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure RO-2021-1/1713 – Updated – measures in Romania
|Country||Romania , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 January 2021 – 30 June 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania)|
|Measure added||14 January 2021 (updated 29 April 2021)|
In October 2020, the association of Romanian companies in the HoReCa sector, HORA, asked the Government for state aid totaling 20% of their turnover in 2019 - or €350 million in absolute terms. The association estimates that the industry's turnover plunged by some 70% compared to last year and that 40% of the sector's operators shut down their operations permanently after the first wave of the pandemic. In reaction to the sector representatives requests, the Government issued the Emergency Ordinance no. 224/2020 which provides for a state aid scheme that should compensate the losses registered by the companies in this sector due to the health crisis. The fiscal authorities data on turnover for the first half of 2020, compared to the first half of 2019, show the following:
The state aid will be granted to the beneficiaries in the form of grants that will cover 20% of the loss in turnover disbursed in 2019, as a result of the COVID-19 crisis. The maximum amount of state aid will be €800,000 per enterprise. The figures used must be gross, i.e. before deducting taxes or other charges.
Restaurants, boarding houses, hotels, travel agencies and other such companies are eligible to receive in 2021 state aid to partially compensate for the losses suffered as a result of the COVID-19 crisis. All these companies must be registered for tax purposes in Romania. Registrations will be made online. The money will be awarded in the order of registration.
The budget of the state aid scheme is estimated at €500 million equivalent to lei, from the Romanian state budget, although the 2021 Budget Law is not ready. The state estimates that 73,211 beneficiaries will receive these aids, out of which 15,168 accommodation structures, 52,583 food structures and 5,460 travel agencies.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The association of Romanian companies in the HoReCa sector, HORA, asked the Government for state aid and was involved in the design of the measure.
No public view or positioning has been expressed regarding the measure.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities||I55 Accommodation|
|I56 Food and beverage service activities|
|N - Administrative And Support Service Activities||N79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2021), State aid scheme for HORECA sector, measure RO-2021-1/1713 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/RO-2021-1_1713.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.