Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure IT-2020-33/1196 – measures in Italy
|Country||Italy , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 15 August 2020 – 31 December 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||28 September 2020 (updated 05 November 2020)|
Law Decree No. 104 of 14 August 2020 envisages several temporary and permanent measures to reduce social security contributions in charge of employers (art. 3, 6 and 27) in order to support them to face the socio-economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, and to retain or possibly expand employment.
The Law Decree introduced various temporary and selective measures to reduce employer social security contributions. A total exception is granted to:
A reduction of up to 30% of the social security contributions due for companies located in economically disadvantaged areas.
No information available.
|Does not apply to workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The measure was set unilaterally by the government, but social partners were heard by the Labour Ministry.
The trade unions, and particularly CGIL, were rather sceptical to measures aiming at reducing business contributions, as they are considered unconditional not able to positively influence business behaviour.
Eurofound (2020), Reduction of social security contributions for affected companies, measure IT-2020-33/1196 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/IT-2020-33_1196.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.