European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Overview of measures by category

Income protection beyond short-time work

Cases in this category contain all types of income support measures beyond the short-time work schemes (which are listed under the category 'Employment protection and retention'). This category includes income support measures which had been recently extended or newly introduced for workers who would not have been eligible for such support otherwise. This includes predominantly the self-employed, but also fixed-term workers, seasonal workers and those with insufficient contribution records to be entitled to social protection. In addition, it includes other types of changes to income support benefits which workers affected may now receive: unemployment benefits, sick leave benefits while in quarantine or self-isolating, and changes to parental leave or childcare entitlements with the related benefits.

Overall, Eurofound has identified 161 measures in 29 countries for this category.

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

19 May 2022


Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021

This publication consists of individual country reports on working life during 2021 for 28 countries (the 27 EU Member States and Norway).


24 June 2020


COVID-19: Policy responses across Europe

This report aims to present an overview of both large-scale government measures and collective agreements that impact on large groups of workers.

16 June 2022


COVID-19 in the workplace: Employer's responsibility to ensure a safe workplace

Throughout 2021, the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, specific occupational health and safety rules were reintroduced due to increases in infection rates.


16 June 2022


Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.