Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2022-14/2257 – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 April 2022 – 30 September 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Responses to inflation
|Author||Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||13 May 2022 (updated 21 June 2022)|
The war in Ukraine has increased economic and political uncertainty, and has led to higher commodity prices. The substantial increase in electricity and gas prices may jeopardise the coverage of companies' liquidity needs and put pressure on the cost and price structure of the economy.
Against this background, the Spanish government has decided to promote the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine" (Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 of 19 July). The basic objectives of the measures that make up this Plan are to lower energy prices, support the most affected sectors and the most vulnerable groups, and reinforce price stability. The aim is to limit the economic and social costs of this temporary distortion in gas prices and to facilitate the adaptation of the Spanish economy. This support is additional to other existing support measures within Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 (also described in this database), such as:
Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 ("National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine") includes an aid package for the agricultural sector to mitigate the effects of the increase in the price of electricity, animal feed and fuel.
For the agricultural and livestock sector, Spain obtained €64.5 million in the Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2022/467 of 23 March 2022, to be complemented by up to 200% with state aid (€128.16 million). Thus, the agricultural and livestock sector has aids for a total of €193.47 million. The funds from the EU budget will be transferred by the FEGA (Spanish Agricultural Guarantee Fund).
For the milk producing sector in particular, €124 million for cow's milk producers, €32.3 million for sheep's milk producers and €12.7 million for goat's milk producers (to be distributed according to the number of animals owned by each farmer) have been assigned. The maximum amount to be received per enterprise may not exceed €35,000. This aid is also managed by the FEGA (Spanish Agricultural Guarantee Fund).
There are no estimated number of users. All Spanish companies and self-employed in the agricultural and livestock sector can benefit from this measure.
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
As stated in the background section, this measure is part of the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine", and the involvement of social partners is explained for this plan as a whole.
With the aim of reaching a consensus with all interest groups on the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine" (Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 of 19 July), the Government, prior to its approval, held a round of contacts with parliamentary groups, social agents, and the autonomous communities (regional governments). On 21 March 2022, the meeting of the "Social Dialogue Table" was held, following on from the meeting held on 7 March with the President of the Government. The representatives of workers and employers had the opportunity to share their proposals for dealing with the economic impact of the war. On the employers' side, the president of the CEOE, Antonio Garamendi, and the president of CEPYME, Gerardo Cuevas, attended; and on the workers' side, the secretary general of UGT, Pepe Álvarez, and the secretary general of CCOO, Unai Sordo.
A few days before the approval of Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, agricultural and livestock sector trade unions agreed that the situation of the farms was practically unsustainable, as a result of the increases in the price of diesel or feed. UPA (the professional organisation 'Union of Small Farmers') accused large energy companies of seriously damaging the agricultural sector through speculative practices, and called on the Government to intervene to halt this 'unacceptable' rise in energy prices.
The approval of Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, which was well accepted by companies and trade unions, has helped to appease the complaints of social agents in the sector, who were calling for aid to deal with the sharp price rises.
This case is sector-specific (only private sector)
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|A - Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing||A1 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2022), Public aids for the agricultural sector, measure ES-2022-14/2257 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2022-14_2257.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
5 July 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.