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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case RO-2020-12/529 Updated – measures in Romania

Secured loans for investments or working capital for companies

Credite garantate pentru companii

Country Romania , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 18 March 2020 – 25 December 2021
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Access to finance
Author Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania) and Eurofound
Case created 13 April 2020 (updated 10 August 2021)

Background information

The coronavirus pandemic puts at risk hundreds of thousands of companies from the private sector. So far, 37% of Romanian companies reduced their activity and 23% closed all operations due to COVID-19. One third of the Romanian companies are prone to bankruptcy.

Romanian Government made available public support for national companies that may face liquidity issues, suffer direct damages as a result of state measures aimed to tamper the spread of the COVID-19 or simply struggle with economic difficulties during and after this pandemic. As a means for the government to help the national economy and protect it from the hardships associated with the pandemic, it was decided to support the small and medium enterprises (SME). The state, through the Ministry of Finance will providing guarantees for the loans acquired by national SMEs.

Content of measure

The state will guarantee for either 80% (investment loans) or 90% of the loans (working capital). For the period until 31 March 2021, the interest for these loans will be subsidized by the state, and the period could be prolonged, pending evaluation of the state of economy. For investment loans, the maximum period is 120 months and the maximum value is 10 million RON (appr. €2 million), whereas for working capital the maximum period is 36 months and the maximum value is 5 million RON (appr. €1 million). The cumulated value of loans per enterprise cannot exceed 10 million RON (€2 million).The measure applies to small and medium enterprises from all fields, except for gambling, private investigation and protection, manufacturing or selling guns, ammunition, tobacco, alcoholic beverages or controlled substances. For obtaining such loans, apart from the prerequisite regarding the field of activity and the tax obligations towards the state, the beneficiaries must also provide the lenders with collateral guarantees. The guarantees from the state amount to either 80% or 90% of the total value of the loan, depending on it purpose, but the beneficiary must provide additional guarantees to at least cover the whole value of the loan.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

22 October 2020

The application of the measure was extended several times - first time in May 2020, when it was extended until 25 June 2020 through GEO 90/2020, second time in June 2020, when it was extended until 25 October through GEO 99/2020 and last time in October 2020 when it was extended until 25 December through GEO 181/2020.

Use of measure

This measure is thought to address the needs of no more than 40,000 companies. SMEs are legal entities with less than 250 employees and net annual turnovers not exceeding €50 million or total assets not exceeding €43 million. If the enterprises have tax obligations or other types of debts towards the state, they must commit to paying these financial obligations directly from the loans for which the state provides guarantees.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers SMEs
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners have been consulted in the framework of the National Council for Tripartite Social Dialog.

Views and reactions



  • 18 March 2020: GEO 29/2020 (
  • 27 May 2020: Ordonantă nr.90 din 27 mai 2020 de urgentă pentru modificarea Ordonantei Guvernului nr. 6/2019 privind instituirea unor facilităti fiscale, precum si pentru modificarea altor acte normative
  • 25 June 2020: ORDONANŢĂ DE URGENŢĂ nr.99 din 25 iunie 2020 privind unele măsuri fiscale, modificarea unor acte normative şi prorogarea unor termene (
  • 22 October 2020: Ordonantă nr.181 din 22 octombrie 2020 de urgentă privind unele măsuri fiscal - bugetare, pentru modificarea si completarea unor acte normative, precum si pentru prorogarea unor termene (


Eurofound (2020), Secured loans for investments or working capital for companies , case RO-2020-12/529 (measures in Romania), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.