Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure CY-2020-18/1644 – measures in Cyprus
|Country||Cyprus , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 May 2020|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Loucas Antoniou (INEK) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||04 January 2021 (updated 13 January 2021)|
The Union of Cyprus Municipalities, in collaboration with the Ministries of Finance and Interior, issued a tax reduction scheme in order to soothe the financial consequences of local businesses that have been emerged due to the pandemic. The Scheme addresses the municipal services provided to local businesses that have been compulsorily suspended or still suspend their activities in accordance with the relevant governmental Decrees.
Eligible for the municipal tax reduction scheme are businesses that have been compulsorily suspended or currently suspend their activities due to the coronavirus pandemic. The tax reduction is applied for the following municipal fees:
The reduction of taxes is calculated based on the type of business, the days of the suspension of the activities and the percentage of the loss of the income of businesses. The tax reduction starts from 14% for the first group (e.g., retail shops, construction businesses, and tourist agencies), to 19% for the second (e.g., hairdressing saloons, museums, restaurants, cafeterias, public and private schools), to 24% for the third group (e.g., malls, sport centers, hotels, thematic parks, nurseries), to 34% for the last group (e.g., night clubs, theaters, cinemas).
The estimated loss of revenue for Municipalities, according to the announcements of their Mayors, is huge. Major municipalities announced the following revenue loss:
Some Municipalities are still unable to calculate the loss in revenue because the payment procedure is still on going.
|Does not apply to workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Local / regional government
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The tax reduction scheme was suggested by the Union of Cyprus Municipalities (UCM) as a means to support businesses and supported by all member municipalities of the Union; no other social partners participated in the designing or implementation of the Scheme. The suggestion of the Union was also supported by the Ministries of Interior and Finance who accepted the proposed measures and procedures of the Union and prepared the list for the grouping of businesses
Cyprus Employers and Industrialists Federation (OEB) viewed the scheme very positively, emphasized on the importance of the measure for businesses but requested the implementation of the Scheme for businesses that have been partially suspended or currently suspend their activities.
Eurofound (2021), Tax reduction scheme of the Union of Cyprus Municipalities , measure CY-2020-18/1644 (measures in Cyprus), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/CY-2020-18_1644.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.