Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NL-2020-23/1039 – Updated – measures in Netherlands
|Country||Netherlands , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 June 2020 – 31 December 2021|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Amber van der Graaf (Panteia)|
|Measure added||17 August 2020 (updated 15 June 2022)|
The Dutch government presented a package of emergency measures to support businesses and workers during the corona crisis. The cultural and creative sector appears especially badly hit by the crisis and this has led to extra measures being taken. On 27 March, the Minister for Education, Culture and Science sent a letter to Parliament explaining the need for and content of the planned measures.
Following this first letter on plans to initiate a package of measures, a few weeks later, the announcement was made (after lobbying form the cultural and creative sector), that more support was needed. The Minister for Education, Culture and science announced on 15 April that more financing would be provided to the sector.
In April extra budget (€300 million) has been made available by the government to raise subsidies to the institutions crucial to the sector at national and regional level.
The target group of the measure are the approximately 70 institutions involved in the “basic cultural infrastructure” in the Netherlands, approximately 178 institutions, and the Film Fund for film producers. A total of €153 million have been assigned to these extra subsidies, 113 coming from the Ministry for Education, Culture and Science and the other 40 million from National cultural funds.
This instrument is one of several through which the €300 million will be spent on the cultural and creative sector. The goal of these extra subsidies is to maintain continuity, to invest in the next cultural and creative season, and to stimulate employment.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|26 November 2021||
This was part of the second general package of measures ending on 1 October 2021.
|26 November 2021||
Due to the new measures introduced on 26 November 2021, this measure was re-opened until the end of the year to support the cultural sector. These funds are a continuation of the earlier specific support.
|18 May 2021||
Case is linked to case 979, Extra subsidies to institutions in the cultural infrastructure .
No information yet.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
As with the Extra package of support measures for the cultural sector, the sector had lobbied for more support from the government, showing that their sector is being especially badly hit. Based on consultation and discussion with organisations form the sector and cultural funds, the government decided to add extra financial support to the existing emergency measures for the cultural and creative sectors.
Given that the social partners lobbied for extra financing for these sectors specifically, it is reasonable to assume that social partners are satisfied with the outcomes. The government has indicated that interaction with social partners has generally been good during the COVID-19 crisis, though more details than this are difficult to identify.
This case is sector-specific
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
|R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Extra subsidies to multi-annually subsidised production institutions, measure NL-2020-23/1039 (measures in Netherlands), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NL-2020-23_1039.html
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