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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2022-14/2259 Updated – measures in Spain

Public aids for the fisheries sector

Ayudas para el sector pesquero (Real Decreto-Ley 6/2022)

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 April 2022 – 31 July 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial) or damage compensation
Author Jessica Durán (IKEI) and Eurofound
Measure added 13 May 2022 (updated 06 July 2023)

Background information

The war in Ukraine has increased economic and political uncertainty, and has led to higher commodity prices. The substantial increase in electricity and gas prices may jeopardise the coverage of companies' liquidity needs and put pressure on the cost and price structure of the economy.

This measure intends to lower energy prices, support the most affected sectors and the most vulnerable groups, and reinforce price stability. The aim is to limit the economic and social costs of this temporary distortion in gas prices and to facilitate the adaptation of the Spanish economy.

This support is additional to other existing support measures within Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 (also described in this database), such as:

Content of measure

The Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 ("National response plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine") includes an aid package for the fisheries sector. This aid compensates operators in the fisheries sector for additional costs, in accordance with Article 26(2) of Regulation (EU) 2021/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2021. This action establishes the European Maritime, Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund.

Specifically, the fisheries sector will receive €30 million. This budget is made up of an initial allocation of €21 million (70% funding from the European Commission) and will be increased to €30 million (30% from Spain). Similarly, the aquaculture sector will receive €20 million, comprising an initial allocation of €14 million (70% funding from the European Commission), which will be increased to €20 million (30% from Spain). In both cases, funds come from an appropriation (credit), to be drawn from extraordinary revenue from the Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance.

In addition, direct state aid for vessels and fishing vessel owners to compensate for the increase in fuel prices will amount to €18.18 million, ranging from €1,550.52 per vessel (with a gross tonnage of less than 25) to a maximum of €35,000 (for vessels of 2,500 gross tonnage or more).


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

01 January 2023

This measure has not been further extended. The measure ended on 31 July 2022. This initiative is linked to aid to fuel-dependent sectors .

Use of measure

According to a press release from the Congress of Deputies, on 8 June 2022, direct aid of €18.18 million was paid to the fishing sector. The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Luis Planas, explained that this direct aid benefits 7,600 companies, of which 126 are vessels fishing outside the national fishing grounds and will receive €2.5 million. See La Moncloa Press Note, June 2022 .

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
EU (Council, EC, EP)
European Funds
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


As stated in the background section, this measure is part of the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine," and social partners are involved.

In order to reach a consensus with all interest groups on the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine" (Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 of 19 July), the government held a round of contacts with parliamentary groups, social agents, and the autonomous communities (regional governments).

On 21 March 2022, the meeting of the "Social Dialogue Table" was held, continuing a meeting that was held on 7 March with the President of the Government. The representatives of workers and employers shared their proposals for dealing with the economic impact of the war. On the employers' side, the president of the CEOE, Antonio Garamendi, and the president of CEPYME, Gerardo Cuevas, attended; and on the workers' side, the secretary general of UGT, Pepe Álvarez, and the secretary general of CCOO, Unai Sordo.

Views and reactions

The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Luis Planas, met on 23 March 2022 with representatives of the fisheries and aquaculture sector (Spanish Fisheries Confederation - Cepesca, the National Federation of Fishermen's Guilds, and the Spanish Aquaculture Business Association - Apromar), to address the consequences of the war. This meeting took place before the approval of Royal Decree-Law 6/2022. The representatives of the companies were concerned about a significant increase in production costs, which put the profitability of production at risk. They urged the government to act as soon as possible to take measures.

The approval of Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, which was accepted by companies and trade unions, helped to appease the complaints of the social agents in the sector who were calling for aid to deal with sharp price rises.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      A - Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing A3 Fishing and aquaculture

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 23 March 2022: La Moncloa. Presidency of the Government. Press Note. (
  • 29 March 2022: La Moncloa. Presidency of the Government. Agreements and regulations approved by the Council of Ministers (
  • 30 March 2022: BOE, Spanish State Official Gazette (Real Decreto-ley 6/2022, de 29 de marzo, por el que se adoptan medidas urgentes en el marco del Plan Nacional de respuesta a las consecuencias económicas y sociales de la guerra en Ucrania) (


Eurofound (2022), Public aids for the fisheries sector, measure ES-2022-14/2259 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.