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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case HR-2020-14/289 Updated – measures in Croatia

Deferring and paying VAT during special circumstances

Odgoda i plaćanje PDV-a za vrijeme posebnih okolnosti

Country Croatia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, started on 01 April 2020
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Deferral of payments or liabilities
Author Predrag Bejalovic (IJF) and Eurofound
Case created 06 April 2020 (updated 06 October 2020)

Background information

According to Ordinance amending the Ordinance on the implementation of the General Tax Law (OG 35/2020) (see case HR -2020-12/288) new conditions are laid down for deferring VAT for the duration of special circumstances. Delaying the payment of VAT liability is possible only for taxpayers who, in 2019, have not achieved the value of supplies of goods and services in excess of HRK 7,500,000,000 (€1 million) in the previous year, and which determines the tax base according to deliveries made and in accordance with a special regulation on value added tax.

On 16 April 2020 The Tax Administration has issued instructions for deferring and paying VAT during special circumstances.

Content of measure

The VAT liability for the month of February (VAT form submitted until March 20, 2020) cannot be subject to a payment delay. Taxpayers who pay VAT monthly may apply a deferral of payment with a liability for March 2020, and those who pay VAT quarterly may apply a deferral for tax liability for the first quarter 2020. Very important is that the government decided that for VAT payments, it would be possible to defer such payments until the billing of invoices is issued, as is now the case with small businesses. The deadline for the submission of financial statements for 2019 is extended until 30 June 2020 and businesses are exempt from paying the Financial Agency fee for the publication of financial statements.

Updates

The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

01 October 2020

Value added tax (VAT) deferral can be requested by taxpayers which determine its VAT liability per invoiced supplies and which have not recorded more than HRK 7,500,000 (€ 1,000,000) (excluding VAT) of supplies in 2019. While all other tax and social contribution liabilities due can be deferred within 3 months from 20 March 2020, taxpayers which are entitled to deferral related to VAT can request it for VAT due within 3 months from the VAT liability due date in April 2020. Indicators showing potential inability to settle due tax liabilities are: if taxpayer has a decrease of revenues/income of at least 20% in a month preceding the month in which the request is filed compared to the same month of a previous year or if the taxpayer makes probable the decrease of at least 20% in revenues/income in a 3-month period following the filing, compared to the same period of a previous year. When submitting a deferral request relating to VAT, the taxpayer, in addition to the above, should prove that the due liability is a result of non-collected issued invoices and/or other factors that influence liquidity (there are no further details). The deferral period is 3 months from the due date of every single tax liability. The Tax Administration can approve additional deferral period of 3 months for already deferred liabilities and expand the scope of the deferral to the tax liabilities due during the additional 3-month time, for which new a request should be filed. Particularly praiseworthy is the page with many questions and answers regarding the eligibility, terms and conditions for deferral payment, available on the Internet page of the Tay Administration. The number of users for deferral payment is not yet publicly available.

Use of measure

Not yet known at this stage.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown

Involvement

Due to the nature of the measure, social partners were not involved.

Views and reactions

As mentioned, due to the nature of the measure, social partners were not involved. However, both sides, trade unions and employers, are fully aware of the dire situation and fully support measures that contribute to the resolving of the consequences of crisis.

Sources

  • 19 March 2020: Hrvatski sabor (Parliament of the Republic of Croatia) (2020) Zakon o dopuni Općeg poreznog zakona -– OG 32/20 (narodne-novine.nn.hr)
  • 16 April 2020: Uputa o odgodi i plaćanju PDV-a za vrijeme posebnih okolnosti (www.porezna-uprava.hr)

Citation

Eurofound (2020), Deferring and paying VAT during special circumstances, case HR-2020-14/289 (measures in Croatia), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.