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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure FR-2023-1/3101 – measures in France

Aid to bakers in difficulty

Les aides aux boulangers en difficulté

Country France , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 January 2023 – 31 December 2023
Context War in Ukraine, Cost of Living Crisis
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial) or damage compensation
Author Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound
Measure added 20 February 2023 (updated 06 July 2023)

Background information

The government has introduced targeted measures from the beginning of January 2023 to further support the 33,000 artisan bakers in the face of rising energy prices. These include the gas and electricity bill payment assistance window, the tariff shield, the electricity buffer, and the deferral of tax and social security payments.

Content of measure

The government recalled the various measures put in place to support SMEs and in particular bakers ( electricity shock absorber , help desk for the payment of electricity and gas bills, tariff shield for energy prices while adding specific provisions. These include deferring the payment of taxes and social security contributions throughout 2023 to ease the cash flow of bakeries and staggering the payment of energy bills. In addition, all energy suppliers have committed to agreeing to terminate contracts free of charge on a case-by-case basis where bills have risen prohibitively, to give the opportunity to renegotiate.

Use of measure

These measures applies to about 33,000 bakers.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Solo-self-employed
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Informed Consulted
Form Not applicable Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Only employers' organisations
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level


The employers' organisation representing bakers have been consulted to help the government to design these measures.

Views and reactions

No information.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C10 Manufacture of food products

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 10 January 2023: Boulangers _ les aides pour faire face à la hausse des prix de l’énergie _ (


Eurofound (2023), Aid to bakers in difficulty, measure FR-2023-1/3101 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.