Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NL-2020-13/771 – Updated – measures in Netherlands
|Country||Netherlands , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 27 March 2020 – 31 December 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Amber van der Graaf (Panteia)|
|Measure added||23 April 2020 (updated 15 June 2022)|
The Dutch government presented a package of emergency measures to support businesses and workers during the COVID-19 crisis. However, the cultural and creative sector, especially badly hit, expressed concern that more was needed for its support. Museums, cultural institutes, events, performances and performers voiced concerns that the crisis could mean that many would have to close their doors for good. Beyond the fact that many people simply cannot attend events, performances, of cultural institutes and this meaning a loss of income, there is also a seasonality to the sector (with many events taking place in the spring and summer). These developments have led to extra measures being taken. On 27 March, the Minister for Education, Culture, and Science sent a letter to Parliament explaining the need for and content of the planned measures.
The package of measures announced contain a series of specific measures for different groups within the sector.
This also applies to subsidies to specific projects and initiatives; subsidies will still be paid even if certain planned targets are not met. The six main national cultural funds will also help to implement the measures above and so doing, help the cultural institutes those respective funds support.
The measure applies to enterprises as well as institutes. Most cultural institutes are not enterprises in fact but the sector has many self-employed and freelancers.
So far, the cultural and creative sector has received about €1.1 billion (excluding Tozo) of support from generic measures. The cultural sector is characterised by a diversity of institutions, employment contracts and cultural expressions; generic packages were therefore not enough to cultural and creative sector. That is why the cabinet has, in addition to these measures, earmarked more than €906 million for makers, institutions and companies in the cultural and creative sector (Rijksoverheid, 2021).
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
One person or microenterprises
|Does not apply to citizens|
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
Local / regional government
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 crisis, the government has had regular and close consultation with the social partners. Together the national level social partners and the government arrived at the first and second packages of emergency measures, announced 17 March and 20 May respectively.
There has been consultation and discussion between social partners (both unions, employer organisations, and other relevant sector representatives) from sectors and the government. The cultural and creative sector were especially vocal about the effects of the virus for their sector and in consultation with the sector, the government presented extra support for this sector.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
|R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities|
|R93 Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Extra package of support measures for the cultural sector, measure NL-2020-13/771 (measures in Netherlands), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NL-2020-13_771.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.