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Factsheet for measure RO-2020-34/1403 – measures in Romania

Granting state aid for civil aviation

Ajutoare de stat pentru aviatia civila

Country Romania , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 20 August 2020 – 31 December 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
Author Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania)
Measure added 05 November 2020 (updated 06 November 2020)

Background information

The aviation sector is one of the most affected by the new pandemic crisis, with many flights being suspended to and from most European countries. The companies TARON and Blue Air, which have 2,900 employees (as of 30 March 2020) are unable to continue their activity, due to the lack of financial resources necessary to make current payments, so that the transport activity can be carried out safely and securely. A possible closure or restriction of the activity of the two companies could bring to the state budget bigger losses than the requested state aid, in the next three-five years. This aid - authorised by the European Commission - will help companies to continue their activity and avoid the dismissal of employees.

Content of measure

The companies TAROM - Romanian Air Transport („Compania națională de transporturi aeriene române - TAROM“) and Blue Air Aviation benefit from state-guaranteed loans, through the Ministry of Public Finances, amounting to up to RON 300,775,000 (€62 million. – for Blue Air) and, respectively RON 312,744,200 (€64.2 million. - for Tarom), in order to cover the losses generated by the pandemic (on a six year time period). The value of each loan should not exceed the (estimated) losses suffered by each company due to the pandemic. The loans should be granted before 31 October 2020. The provider of state aids is the Ministry of Finance and their administrator - the Ministry of Transport.

For the same purpose, five Romanian regional airports (from Cluj, Iasi, Sibiu, Bacau and Craiova) are to receive a financial aid from the state, in a total amount of RON 22.28 million (€4.58 million.), to cover direct losses caused by the pandemic.

Use of measure

This measure will benefit two airlines, one with state capital, another with private capital, which have 2,900 employees (on 30 March 2020).

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Trade unions
Employers' organisations
Company / Companies
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
EU (Council, EC, EP)
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


The involvement took place within the Economic-Social Council, a tripartite body with a consultative role, which assists the activity of the Government and the Parliament. The members of the Plenum and the members of the specialized commissions, representatives of the nationally representative employers' confederations, the nationally representative trade union confederations, the associations and foundations, non-governmental organisations of civil society participate in the consultative process.

Views and reactions

The representatives of the trade unions and employers' associations voted in favor of approving the legislative act. So did NGO representatives, but they had some comments.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      H - Transportation And Storage H51 Air transport
      H52 Warehousing and support activities for transportation

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 19 August 2020: GEO 139 of 19 August 2020 on the establishment of the legal framework for granting state aid to the Company "Romanian National Air Transport Company - TAROM" - S.A. and Blue Air Aviation - S.A. to compensate for the economic losses suffered in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic (


Eurofound (2020), Granting state aid for civil aviation , measure RO-2020-34/1403 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.