Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NL-2020-12/762 – Updated – measures in Netherlands
|Country||Netherlands , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 17 March 2020 – 31 March 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Deferral of payments or liabilities
|Author||Amber van der Graaf (Panteia)|
|Measure added||21 April 2020 (updated 20 June 2022)|
This measure was proposed by the Ministry of Finance and the Dutch Tax Authority. It has been introduced as an emergency measure specifically to combat or cushion the effects of the COVID-19 crisis. The aim is to improve liquidity of the enterprises and self-employed. The ultimate aim is to keep the economy functioning (including the financial flow) until the pandemic is under control. This was part of the package of emergency measures to deal with COVID-19.
The Dutch Tax Authority is allowing businesses and self-employed people to apply for a delay of their income tax payments for 3 months. It is also possible to request a change in your tax liability in anticipation of lower income (this will still have to be corrected at the end of the year). This applies to: income tax, income-related contribution to the health insurance, corporation tax, sales tax (VAT), insurance tax, gambling tax, landlord levy, environmental taxes, oil, alcohol or tobacco tax, consumption tax.
Furthermore, the usual administrative fee for late delivery of tax declarations has been lowered from its usual 4% to 0.01%.
The latest (28 February 2021) overview of companies that make use of the option to defer the payment of their taxes in connection with COVID-19 shows a total of 233,835 companies up to 28 February 2021 and 199,405 companies after 28 February 2021. The total amount on 28 February 2021 was €15.9 billion.
On the reference date 18 January 2021, almost 10% of all companies in the Netherlands had an (open) deferment of payment of these five taxes (income tax, the Health Insurance Act, corporate tax, payroll taxes and sales tax). Here too, it concerns a relatively large number of catering establishments. A quarter of all hospitality companies have a deferment of tax payment. In addition, transport stands out with 16%. Especially the somewhat larger companies made use of this possibility. Slightly more than one in four companies with more than nine employees has been deferred tax. The percentages are much higher for hospitality. Smaller companies make relatively less use of this scheme. Solo entrepreneurs in particular have made relatively little use of it (Bedrijvenbeleid in beeld, 2021).
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 crisis, the government has had regular and close consultation with the social partners. Together the national level social partners and the government arrived at the first and second packages of emergency measures, announced March 17th and May 20th respectively.
Though not discussed in great detail, the social partners (national level trade unions and employer organisations), have come together to discuss with the government how best to tackle the effects of COVID-19 on workers and employers so as to keep the Dutch economy going. In the Netherlands, relevant national and sectoral social partners are often involved in national policy making in a consultational capacity so that partners may reflect on regulatory plans and their intended impacts. This happens in a direct consultation fashion or through tripartite meetings (facilitated by the National Labour Foundation). The social partners were consulted for the whole package of measures introduced by the Dutch cabinet on March 17th 2020.
Eurofound (2020), Right to delay tax payments for entrepreneurs, measure NL-2020-12/762 (measures in Netherlands), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NL-2020-12_762.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.