Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure RO-2020-15/925 – Updated – measures in Romania
|Country||Romania , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 09 April 2020 – 25 December 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to stay afloat
– Direct subsidies (full or partial)
|Author||Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania)|
|Measure added||05 July 2020 (updated 07 February 2022)|
The COVID-19 crisis and the institution of state of emergency, followed by the state of alert, has affected several economic activities that had to close down. The hotels and restaurants have been particularly hit by the lock down. In order to promote their economic recovery, the government proposed a series of legislative measures adopted as a result of the establishment of the state of emergency and applicable on Romanian territory. A tax relief for the payment of the specific tax was offered for the following NACE activities: 5510, 5520, 5530, 5590, 5610, 5621, 5629, 5630.
In April, the GEO 48/2020 stated that taxpayers who were previously obliged to pay a specific tax for certain economic activities for the year 2020, will be exempted for the period in which they had to interrupt the activity totally or partially, during the declared state of emergency. Such taxpayers recalculate the specific tax for 2020 by dividing the annual specific tax by 365 days and multiplying it by the number of days corresponding to the period in the calendar year in which they performed the activity.
In June 2020, after the expiry of some provisions of GEO 48/2020, the government came with another GEO (99/2020) stating that, for 2020, no specific tax is due for a period of 90 days as of the date of entry into force of GEO 99/2020. The amount due is calculated by dividing the tax by 365 and multiplying the resulting value by 275 (i.e. the difference between 365 days and 90 days). Taxpayers which have ceased their activity, in whole or in part, due to the state of emergency, can similarly recalculate their specific annual tax.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|24 June 2021||
In June 2021, the Government Emergency Ordinance 59/2021 has extended the application of the measure until 25 December 2021.
|25 March 2021||
In March 2021, The Government Emergency Ordinance has extended the application of the measure until 30 September 2021.
|30 December 2020||
In December 2020, the Government Emergency ordinance 226/2020 extended the application of the measure until 31 March 2021.
|22 October 2020||
In October 2020, the state came up with a new series of fiscal facilities for the companies/sectors that have to pay a specific tax (NACE activities: 5510, 5520, 5530, 5590, 5610, 5621, 5629, 5630). In 2020, the taxpayers obliged to pay the tax specific to some activities according to Law no. 170/2016 does not owe specific tax for the period between 26 October 2020 and 31 December 2020 inclusive.
The specific tax for 2020 will be recalculated by dividing the annual specific tax by 365 and multiplying the resulting value by the number of days obtained by subtracting from 365:
Taxpayers who have filed the specific tax return for the first half of 2020 can apply the above provisions by submitting an amending return.
In order to benefit from the above provisions, taxpayers need to fulfill cumulatively the following conditions:
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The involvement of social partners is unknown.
No official positions have been expressed by social partners.
This case is sector-specific (only private sector)
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities||I55 Accommodation|
|I56 Food and beverage service activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Specific tax relief for companies affected by COVID-19, measure RO-2020-15/925 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/RO-2020-15_925.html
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