Factsheet for case FI-2020-12/815 – Updated – measures in Finland
|Country||Finland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 17 March 2020 – 16 June 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Change of work arrangements (working time, rota schemes)
|Author||Amanda Kinnunen (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Case created||05 May 2020 (updated 10 July 2020)|
The Emergency Powers Act (Valmiuslaki) (1552/2011) lays down provisions on the power of authorities in emergency conditions.
The Finnish Government, in cooperation with the President of the Republic, has declared a state of emergency due to the COVID-19 outbreak.
As a result of this, parts of the Emergency Powers Act were activated. The Government issued a decree to allow employers to respond to possible labour shortage caused COVID-19 in critical functions of society. Derogation from working hours arrangements is part of this decree.
Permission to derogate from working hour arrangements is a measure that may be applied to the following sectors: 1) health care 2) social services 3) rescue services 4) emergency response centres 5) police services.
This measure is not connected to any specific set of professions but it applies to all personnel working in these sectors in Finland.
If this measure is applied and the regular resting times are not followed, employers are required to pay special attention to employee's health and safety.
No financial support is provided but this measure seeks to prevent labour shortages in sectors that are critical for functions of the society.
No information to date.
Employees in standard employment
Workers in care facilities
Workers in essential services
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The social partners were not involved in designing, implementing or monitoring this measure.
Tehy and SuPer, two of the trade unions with members in the social and healthcare sector, have criticised the use of this measure by some employers. According to the trade unions, there have been cases where the measures has been used despite there not having been any urgent COVID-19 related labour shortage.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|O - Public Administration And Defence; Compulsory Social Security||O84 Public administration and defence; compulsory social security|
|Q - Human Health And Social Work Activities||Q86 Human health activities|
|Q87 Residential care activities|
|Q88 Social work activities without accommodation|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Permission to derogate from working hours arrangements in critical functions, case FI-2020-12/815 (measures in Finland), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.