Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PL-2022-9/2769 – measures in Poland
|Country||Poland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 24 February 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
|Author||Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 August 2022 (updated 19 September 2022)|
On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine. As a result of Russian aggression, many Ukrainian refugees fled to Poland.
On 12 March 2022, the Special Act regarding Ukrainian refugees (Dz.U. 2022 poz. 583) entered into force, with effect from 24 February 2022. Its aim is to provide assistance to Ukrainians escaping the territory of Ukraine due to armed conflict.
Starting 24 February 2022, for a period of 18 months, a citizen of Ukraine may be employed as a teacher if he or she has knowledge of Polish in speech and writing to the extent that allows her or him to help Ukrainian students who does not know Polish or know it at an insufficient level. Refugees can be employed as teachers or teaching assistants during the school year 2021/2022 in the school's preparatory departments dedicated to Ukrainian students. No Polish nationality nor documents are required to confirm the level of spoken and written Polish language.
Regarding the higher education, Ukrainian citizens who state that on 24 February 2022, they worked as academic teachers at a university operating in Ukraine and hold the required professional title, academic degrees, and appropriate qualifications for a given position, may be employed at a university as academic teachers without conducting competitions.
No information available.
Migrants or refugees in employment
|Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Local / regional government
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
This case is sector-specific (only public sector)
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|P - Education||P85 Education|
This case is occupation-specific
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
Eurofound (2022), Relaxation of rules for hiring Ukrainian refugee teachers, measure PL-2022-9/2769 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PL-2022-9_2769.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.