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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure NO-2020-14/1082 – measures in Norway

Frame agreement on working time regulations in kindergartens in connection with coronavirus

Rammeavtale om arbeidstidsbestemmelser i forbindelse med koronautbruddet

Country Norway , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 31 March 2020 – 29 September 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Change of work arrangements (working time, rota schemes)
Author Aasmund Arup Seip, FAFO and Eurofound
Measure added 09 September 2020

Background information

On 31 March, the employers’ association, Private Kindergarten National Association (PBL), and unions organising kindergarten personnel (Fagforbundet, Utdanningsforbundet, Delta), made an agreement on working time regulations in kindergartens in case that there might be a need to provide an extended service to children of employees in essential services (for example hospitals, nursing homes). According to the agreement, kindergartens could extended opening hours and keep open at night to provide care after discussions with shop stewards.

Content of measure

The agreement from 31 March between Private Kindergarten National Association (PBL) and unions organising kindergarten personnel, was made pursuant to section 10-12 (4) in the Working Environment Act that gives larger trade unions right to enter into a collective agreement that deviates from the law's working hours provisions.

  • The agreement regulates extended opening hours, work at evenings and nights and at Sundays; overtime and other working time related issues.
  • The collective agreement expanded the limits to overtime (from 10 to 25 hours per 7 days), and gave the employer the opportunity to averaging working hours.
  • The limit of total working hours in any 24-hour period were raised from 10 to 16 hours.
  • The agreement regulate remuneration and require that the employee is allowed necessary periods of rest.
  • The agreement states that overtime cannot be imposed pursuant to the agreement when the extraordinary situation associated with coronavirus no longer exists.

The validity period of the agreement was originally 26 weeks, and the agreement could be terminated with two months' notice from each of the parties.

Use of measure

No information to date.


  • Health and safety
  • Working time flexibility

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Workers in care facilities
Workers in essential services
Companies providing essential services
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Social partners jointly
Trade unions
Employers' organisations
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level


The collective agreement on working time during the COVID-19 pandemic was negotiated by the employers’ association, Private Kindergarten National Association (PBL), and unions organising kindergarten personnel (Fagforbundet, Utdanningsforbundet, Delta), to facilitate crisis management. By taking such action, the social partners wanted to keep regulation of working time in a collective agreement and avoid provisional legislation.

Views and reactions

The social partners are supportive of regulation through collective agreements and quickly reached an agreement.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      P - Education P85 Education
    • Occupation (ISCO level 2)
      Personal care workers



Eurofound (2020), Frame agreement on working time regulations in kindergartens in connection with coronavirus, measure NO-2020-14/1082 (measures in Norway), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

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