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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure DE-2020-44/1149 Updated – measures in Germany

Public sector collective agreement includes Corona bonus

TVÖD inklusive Corona-Sonderzahlung

Country Germany , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 25 October 2020 – 31 December 2022
Context COVID-19
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Remuneration and rewards for workers in essential services
Author Birgit Kraemer (Hans Boeckler Foundation) and Eurofound
Measure added 17 September 2020 (updated 27 February 2023)

Background information

The German state and the public sector employer organisation VKA (Vereinigung der kommunalen Arbeitgeberverbände) reached a new collective agreement with trade unions in late October 2020. The following trade unions were part of the agreement: the German Civil Service Association dbb (Deutscher Beamtenbund) and the United Services Union (ver.di). The agreement includes a premium for public sector workers to reward public service workers' hard work during the COVID-19 crisis. It also includes moderate wage increases from April 2021.

Content of measure

The COVID-19 bonus is a one-time premium. The amount varies according to salary level and occupational groups:

  • Employees in wage groups 13 to 15 receive €300, those in groups 9a to 12 receive €400.
  • Those in groups 1 to 8 receive €600.
  • Social workers and education staff receive between €400 (for wage groups S 10 until S 18) and €600 (for wage groups S 2 until S 8 b).
  • Care workers also receive between €400 (for wage groups P 9 to P 16) and €600 (for wage groups P 5 until P 8).
  • The COVID-19 premium for utility workers ranges from €300 (for wage groups 13 to 15) over €400 (for wage groups 9 to 12) to up to 600 (for wage groups).


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

31 March 2022

The Corona Special Payment 2022 ended on 31 March 2022. Employers were able to pay their employees in the TVöD up to €1,500 additionally free of tax and social security.

Use of measure

No data.


  • Bonuses
  • Pay increases

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Trade unions
Employers' organisations

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level


  1. The German public sector is organised as a tripartite social dialogue body between the state, the employers and labour.
  2. The Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community represented the German state.

The public sector employer organisation VKA (Vereinigung der kommunalen Arbeitgeberverbände) represented employers. The following trade unions were part of the agreement: the German Civil Service Association dbb (Deutscher Beamtenbund) and the United Services Union (ver.di). The services trade union ver.di also represented the German Police Union (GdP) the German Union of Education (GEW), and the Trade Union for Building, Forestry and the Environment (IG BAU).

Views and reactions

The social partners involved voiced support for the agreement reached.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      O - Public Administration And Defence; Compulsory Social Security O84 Public administration and defence; compulsory social security

This case is not occupation-specific.



Eurofound (2020), Public sector collective agreement includes Corona bonus, measure DE-2020-44/1149 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.