European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure LU-2002-41/2491 Updated – measures in Luxembourg

The skills of tomorrow

Enquêtes 'Qualifications de demain' dans l'industrie et les Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (TIC)

Country Luxembourg , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 10 October 2002
Context Green Transition, Digital Transformation, Restructuring Support Instruments
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
Author Patrick Thill (LISER) and Eurofound
Measure added 23 June 2022 (updated 23 November 2023)

Background information

This initiative involves an investigation (carried out though surveys) of companies' needs for employees, both in terms of replacements, new positions, and expected skill levels.

The first survey was launched in 1998 in the manufacturing, construction and public works sectors. The coverage of these surveys have extended to the industrial sector.

In 2002, the survey was extended to the information and communication technologies sector (ICT).

The survey represents the only existing indicator in Luxembourg on the need for qualifications in the sector covered and constitutes an economic barometer.

Content of measure

Surveys are conducted every two years, and they have alternated between the fields of industry and ICT. The objective is to provide guidance to young people and their parents regarding their further education, as well as to encourage public authorities and professional training providers to achieve a balance between business needs and the training courses they provide.

This initiative is supported by the Ministry of Work, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Higher Education and Research and the public employment service ADEM (Employment Development Agency).

The action is conducted by FEDIL (Business Federation Luxembourg) in cooperation with Chamber of Commerce, ABBL (Luxembourg Bankers' Association), Luxinnovation, UEL (Union of Luxembourg Companies) and the Maison de la Formation.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

19 April 2023

For 2023, the FEDIL survey of 57 member companies highlights three major aspects:

  • 765 new recruits are expected over the next two years.
  • The creation of new positions (51.4%) remains slightly higher than replacements (48.6%).
  • The Diplôme d'Aptitude Professionnelle (DAP) and the Master's/Doctorate remain the training courses most in demand by industrial companies (47%)

Use of measure

Following the detection of a need for manufacturing workers, training courses for jobseekers were organised. This involved a partnership between public authorities: ADEM (Employment Development Agency), Ministry of Work, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Higher Education and Research, and private partners such as FEDIL (Business Federation Luxembourg), ABBL (Luxembourg Bankers' Association), CLC (Luxembourg Confederation of Retailers), Chamber of Commerce or the House of Training. 

Additional training has been implemented for security officers. In the construction sector, vocational training measures have also been organised as a result of this research. Specialised training in ICT has been implemented in schools. The University of Luxembourg has finally organised specific courses in technology. It has for instance been found that the level of qualification in the ICT sector has increased over the last years. In the latest 2020 survey, more participating companies than ever anticipated recruitments in the ICT sector in Luxembourg. 

Since 2002, surveys are conducted every two years, and they alternate between the fields of industry and ICT. For instance, the survey published in 2020 conducted by ABBL and FEDIL focuses on ICT. It gives an overview on the recruitment forecasted by the participating companies: the participating 168 interviewed companies expect to recruit 979 qualified ICT employees in the next two years, which represents an increase if compared to the prior survey.

Despite the surveys provide interesting indications about anticipating job creation in a particular sector of the economy, the small number of respondents has put the representativeness of the survey into question.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Public employment service
Employers organisation
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


No involvement.

Views and reactions



  • 03 March 2020: The skills of tomorrow in the field of industry (2019). (
  • 09 March 2021: The skills of tomorrow in the field of ICTs (2020)
  • 19 April 2023: Tomorrow's industry skills 2023 (


Eurofound (2022), The skills of tomorrow, measure LU-2002-41/2491 (measures in Luxembourg), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.