Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DE-2020-36/1139 – Updated – measures in Germany
|Country||Germany , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 03 September 2020 – 30 November 2020|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Remuneration and rewards for workers in essential services
|Author||Birgit Kraemer (Hans Boeckler Foundation) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||15 September 2020 (updated 27 May 2021)|
Compared to other sectors, the construction sector was less affected by COVID-19. The sector also profits from the public recovery programme and public investments in infrastructure and building retrofits. In the 2020 collective bargaining round, the construction workers union IG BAU raised demands for a wage increase, for a reimbursement of transport costs to and from a construction site and, additionally, for a COVID-19 premium. The negotiations with the employer organisation failed and the collective bargaining partners had to involve an arbitrator who decided in favour of several union demands. The social partners accepted the arbitrator's decision on 17 September 2020.
On 3 September 2020, the arbitrator decided in favour of travel-to-and-from work reimbursements, wage increases, and a one-time COVID-19 premium. The COVID-19 premia are €500 for workers and €250 for apprentices. No taxes or social security contribution apply to the premia, meaning the workers receive the full amount with no deductions. The wage increase includes a recognition of workers' travel expenses for the journey to and from work. This wage increase alone is equivalent to 0.5% increase of one hourly wage. The total wage increases, from January 2020, vary according to different regions and lie at around 2%.
No data at this point.
Employees in standard employment
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
(1) The 2020 collective bargaining round took place, but failed. (2) All social partners accepted an arbitrator decision on 17 September 2020. (3) Employers cover the cost of the premia and wage increases.
The social partners had to involve an arbitrator who decided in favour of several union demands. All social partners agreed to the arbitrator decision.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|F - Construction||F41 Construction of buildings|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), One-time premium for construction workers, measure DE-2020-36/1139 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DE-2020-36_1139.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.