Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DE-1993-1/2600 – measures in Germany
|Country||Germany , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 January 1993|
|Context||COVID-19, Digital Transformation, Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
|Author||Birgit Kraemer (Hans Boeckler Foundation) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 02 November 2022)|
Institute for Labor Market and Vocational Research (IAB) - which is the research unit of the Federal Employment Agency - conducts the annual IAB Establishment Panel. This is a representative annual survey conducted face to face among about 15,500 establishments from all sectors and size classes which have at least one employee who is subject to social security contributions.
The survey started in 1993 in Western Germany and in 1996 in Eastern Germany. It uses a random sample based on the company database of the public employment service, covering about two million firms.
The information provided by the companies is designed to help to orientate the placement and advisory activities of the Federal Employment Agency more closely to the reality in the companies. The analyses are also used for decision-making by politicians, collective bargaining parties, and associations.
The IAB-Establishment Panel consists of a major block of identical questions which are asked annually, providing a consistent longitudinal analysis. Furthermore, a set of questions addressing the latest political debates offers an insight into the respondents' current mind set.
Standard questions include the following topics:
factors determining employment development (production, turnover, working time, investment and so on);
demand for staff and employment expectations (vacancies, staff turnover, employment strategies);
status quo and development of technology and organisational aspects and their effects on jobs;
use of public support; engagement in education and training.
Each year, questions on special issues can be added. National and regional data analysis is also possible.
Recent topics of the survey are digitalisation at workplace, home office practices, work organisation during COVID-19 pandemic. A list of recent publications using IAB Establishment Panel data is published on the website of the Institute for Employment Research (IAB).
Data from the IAB-Establishment Panel are used in many research projects. The number of consulted establishments grew from 8,342 in 1996 to 16,686 in 2020 (IAB 2022).
Employees in standard employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Local / regional government
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), IAB-Establishment Panel, measure DE-1993-1/2600 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DE-1993-1_2600.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.