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Factsheet for measure LT-1993-18/2470 – measures in Lithuania

Business trends survey (including employment forecasts)

Statistinis verslo tendencijų tyrimas (tame tarpe - darbuotojų skaičiaus prognozė)

Country Lithuania , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 May 1993
Context Restructuring Support Instruments
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
Author Inga Blaziene (Lithuanian Centre for Social Sciences) and Eurofound
Measure added 23 June 2022 (updated 28 October 2022)

Background information

This survey was started in Lithuania in accordance with the general coordinated EU program on 1 May 1993. Since then, the survey has been conducted on a monthly basis. Currently, the survey methodology is regulated by the Order No DĮ-10 of the General Director of the Lithuanian Statistics Department (6 January 2022).

This survey covers the manufacturing, construction, trade and services sectors. The objective of the survey is to collect data (opinions) from enterprises on the economic changes and to estimate confidence indicators which describe changes and trends of specific economic activities (including employment forecasts).

Content of measure

This survey of business trends collects the opinions of companies’ executives regarding past, present and future changes in their economic activities and expectations. The population of the survey covers all joint stock companies, private limited companies, state and municipal enterprises, branches of foreign companies, individual companies and cooperative companies which have carried out their economic activity in the reporting year.

Different questions on the current economic situation and changes (including future changes) in the enterprise are posed to the enterprises according to the type of their economic activity. The collected information covers a range of indicators, including previous/current/future (forecasted) turnover, production demand, prices, competitiveness and number of employees.

The manager of the enterprise is the person in charge to fill in the questionnaire. Results from this survey are used to build four confidence indicators which are published on a monthly basis, in particular:

  • the retail trade confidence indicator. It is an arithmetic average of the balances of a change in the business situation, future tendency for the business situation, and inverted stocks.
  • the confidence indicator for services. It is an arithmetic average of the balances of a change in the business situation, change in demand for services, and future tendency for demand.
  • the confidence indicator for industry. It is an arithmetic average of the balances of the level of demand for production, future tendency for production, and inverted stocks.
  • the confidence indicator for construction. It is an arithmetic average of the balances of demand for construction works and the forecast number of employees.

Balance is the indicator obtained by taking the difference between the percentages of favourable and unfavourable answers given to questions in a survey questionnaire. Balances can take values from –100 when all respondents choose extreme negative answers, to +100 when all respondents choose the positive answer option. Balance changes over different months reflect tendency of the phenomenon.

The truncation method is used for sampling. The sample size is approximately 3,400 respondents selected from undertakings which are actually operating in the reporting period.

Use of measure

Results of the survey are regularly presented in the mass media and are rather visible for businesses, policymakers and society. They are used as a source of information regarding businesses' expectations and possible developments in the economy and the labour market. It provides the opportunity to evaluate possible business developments and the attitudes of companies’ executives regarding employment figures in different economic sectors. However, in practice, this survey is rarely used in the context of anticipating change and restructuring. Moreover, this survey is hardly ever used in pursuing economic and social policy in Lithuania.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Public support service providers
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown



Views and reactions


Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C10 Manufacture of food products
      C11 Manufacture of beverages
      C12 Manufacture of tobacco products
      C13 Manufacture of textiles
      C14 Manufacture of wearing apparel
      C15 Manufacture of leather and related products
      C16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials
      C17 Manufacture of paper and paper products
      C19 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products
      C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
      C21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations
      C23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
      C24 Manufacture of basic metals
      C25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
      C26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products
      C27 Manufacture of electrical equipment
      C28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
      C29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
      C30 Manufacture of other transport equipment
      C31 Manufacture of furniture

This case is not occupation-specific.



Eurofound (2022), Business trends survey (including employment forecasts), measure LT-1993-18/2470 (measures in Lithuania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.