Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure LT-1993-18/2470 – measures in Lithuania
|Country||Lithuania , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 May 1993|
|Context||Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
|Author||Inga Blaziene (Lithuanian Centre for Social Sciences) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 28 October 2022)|
This survey was started in Lithuania in accordance with the general coordinated EU program on 1 May 1993. Since then, the survey has been conducted on a monthly basis. Currently, the survey methodology is regulated by the Order No DĮ-10 of the General Director of the Lithuanian Statistics Department (6 January 2022).
This survey covers the manufacturing, construction, trade and services sectors. The objective of the survey is to collect data (opinions) from enterprises on the economic changes and to estimate confidence indicators which describe changes and trends of specific economic activities (including employment forecasts).
This survey of business trends collects the opinions of companies’ executives regarding past, present and future changes in their economic activities and expectations. The population of the survey covers all joint stock companies, private limited companies, state and municipal enterprises, branches of foreign companies, individual companies and cooperative companies which have carried out their economic activity in the reporting year.
Different questions on the current economic situation and changes (including future changes) in the enterprise are posed to the enterprises according to the type of their economic activity. The collected information covers a range of indicators, including previous/current/future (forecasted) turnover, production demand, prices, competitiveness and number of employees.
The manager of the enterprise is the person in charge to fill in the questionnaire. Results from this survey are used to build four confidence indicators which are published on a monthly basis, in particular:
Balance is the indicator obtained by taking the difference between the percentages of favourable and unfavourable answers given to questions in a survey questionnaire. Balances can take values from –100 when all respondents choose extreme negative answers, to +100 when all respondents choose the positive answer option. Balance changes over different months reflect tendency of the phenomenon.
The truncation method is used for sampling. The sample size is approximately 3,400 respondents selected from undertakings which are actually operating in the reporting period.
Results of the survey are regularly presented in the mass media and are rather visible for businesses, policymakers and society. They are used as a source of information regarding businesses' expectations and possible developments in the economy and the labour market. It provides the opportunity to evaluate possible business developments and the attitudes of companies’ executives regarding employment figures in different economic sectors. However, in practice, this survey is rarely used in the context of anticipating change and restructuring. Moreover, this survey is hardly ever used in pursuing economic and social policy in Lithuania.
|Does not apply to workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Public support service providers
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|C - Manufacturing||C10 Manufacture of food products|
|C11 Manufacture of beverages|
|C12 Manufacture of tobacco products|
|C13 Manufacture of textiles|
|C14 Manufacture of wearing apparel|
|C15 Manufacture of leather and related products|
|C16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials|
|C17 Manufacture of paper and paper products|
|C19 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products|
|C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products|
|C21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations|
|C23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products|
|C24 Manufacture of basic metals|
|C25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment|
|C26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products|
|C27 Manufacture of electrical equipment|
|C28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.|
|C29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers|
|C30 Manufacture of other transport equipment|
|C31 Manufacture of furniture|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2022), Business trends survey (including employment forecasts), measure LT-1993-18/2470 (measures in Lithuania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/LT-1993-18_2470.html
30 January 2023
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