Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NO-2020-11/757 – measures in Norway
|Country||Norway , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 13 March 2020 – 27 April 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Mobilisation of a larger workforce
|Author||Aasmund Arup Seip, FAFO and Eurofound|
|Measure added||21 April 2020 (updated 05 May 2020)|
To maintain operations in the health and care services and other critical society functions during the Covid-19 pandemic, the Norwegian Directorate of Health made exceptions to the closure order of kindergartens and educational institutions. Managers of childcare centres and headteachers in primary schools were required to provide a service for children of healthcare personnel, personnel in the transport sector or within other critical society functions. Parts of the kindergarten and school services has thus been open to keep personnel critical to society in service.
In order to stop the spread of COVID-19 and to contribute to the maintenance of necessary health and care services, the Norwegian Directorate of Health has issued, according to the Infection Control Act, a decision to close schools and other educational institutions with effect from 16 Mars 2020. However, to maintain operations in the health and care services and other critical society functions, and to avoid the use of people in risk groups for babysitting, the Norwegian Directorate of Health made exceptions to the closure order. Managers of childcare centres and headteachers in primary schools were required to provide a service for children of healthcare personnel, personnel in the transport sector or within other critical society functions. The same applies to children with special care needs that cannot be taken care of when childcare, school or other day care facilities are closed.
The emergency response committee considers the following 15 functions to be critical to society: Government and crisis management; Defence; Law and order; Health and care services; Rescue services; IT security in the civilian sector; Nature and environment; Security of supply; Water and wastewater; Financial services; Power supply; Electronic communication services; Transport; Satellite-based services; Pharmacies.
No information to date.
Workers in essential services
||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners have been consulted regularly during design and implementation of the measure.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|D - Electricity, Gas, Steam And Air Conditioning Supply||D35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply|
|H - Transportation And Storage||H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines|
|H50 Water transport|
|H51 Air transport|
|H53 Postal and courier activities|
|J - Information And Communication||J61 Telecommunications|
|J62 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities|
|J63 Information service activities|
|K - Financial And Insurance Activities||K64 Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding|
|K65 Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security|
|K66 Activities auxiliary to financial services and insurance activities|
|O - Public Administration And Defence; Compulsory Social Security||O84 Public administration and defence; compulsory social security|
|Q - Human Health And Social Work Activities||Q86 Human health activities|
|Q87 Residential care activities|
|Q88 Social work activities without accommodation|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Schools and kindergartens open to personnel in critical society functions, measure NO-2020-11/757 (measures in Norway), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NO-2020-11_757.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.