European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure LU-1984-22/2490 – measures in Luxembourg

Clusters programme (Luxembourg Cluster Initiative)

Luxembourg Cluster Initiative

Country Luxembourg , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 June 1984
Context Green Transition, Digital Transformation, Restructuring Support Instruments
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
Author Patrick Thill (LISER) and Eurofound
Measure added 23 June 2022 (updated 14 November 2022)

Background information

The Clusters programme is ran by the National Agency for Innovation and Research in Luxembourg ( Luxinnovation ), the Ministry of the Economy and Ministry of Higher Education and Research funds the programme, with a contribution from FEDIL (Business Federation, Chamber of Commerce), Chamber of Crafts and the public research centres.

Content of measure

The aim of the cluster is to stimulate technological collaboration between companies and research around the concept of 'key technologies' and the building of 'clusters'. Activities vary across the individual clusters. Examples include regular networking events, conferences and workshops, and the provision of information about funding opportunities. The Luxembourg Cluster Initiative is one key element of the National R&D and Innovation Policy which brings together various clusters and innovation networks established in Luxembourg.

The aim is to strengthen economic sectors with high added value for Luxembourg. Their existence promotes the development of new business synergies that can contribute to the sustainable growth of the national economy.

This instrument is available to national companies (large companies and SMEs) and public research centres.

Use of measure

By way of example, clusters that have emerged are the following:

  • Luxembourg Automotive Components (
  • Luxembourg BioHealth Cluster (
  • Luxembourg EcoInnovation Cluster (
  • Luxembourg ICT Cluster (
  • Luxembourg Materials & Production Technologies Cluster (
  • Luxembourg Space Cluster (

Currently, no evaluation or scientific studies have been conducted regarding the impact of clusters on employment figures.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


No involvement

Views and reactions




Eurofound (2022), Clusters programme (Luxembourg Cluster Initiative), measure LU-1984-22/2490 (measures in Luxembourg), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.