Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SK-2020-12/389 – Updated – measures in Slovakia
|Country||Slovakia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 16 March 2020 – 13 June 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
|Author||Rastislav Bednarik, Daniela Keselova and Miroslava Kordosova (IVPR) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||08 April 2020 (updated 29 June 2020)|
The government announced the state of emergency in the healthcare sector. The main reason was to enable to transfer employees, material and medical devises between hospitals, if needed and to assure the presence at work of healthcare employees.
This would not be possible without the announcement of the state of emergency. The state of emergency is regulated by the Act No. 227/2002 Coll. on state security in times of war, state of war and state of emergency. According to the Act, the state of emergency can be announced for a limited period of time, maximum of 90 days. Some of the fundamental rights and freedoms can be limited, as well.
Based on the Government Resolution No. 366 from 10 June 2020 the state of emergency ended on 13 June 2020 midnight.
At first, the state of emergency was announced for the state hospitals. On 18 March 2020, it was extended to other institutions (rescue services, public health offices, funeral services). On 28 March 2020 it was also extended to the social service facilities providing healthcare. In order to protect older people as a high risk group, some social services facilities providing non-residential care had to close.
For the healthcare employees the state of emergency means that they are not allowed to assert some of their rights, for instance, to assert the right to strike. They are also not allowed to refuse to come to work.
There are no data available yet on transferred employees, material and medical devices. According to the latest Labour Force Survey data, there were 195,000 employees employed in healthcare and social services in Slovakia in 4rd quarter 2019.
Employees in standard employment
||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Information on involvement of social partners is not available.
No information available.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|Q - Human Health And Social Work Activities||Q86 Human health activities|
|Q87 Residential care activities|
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
Eurofound (2020), The state of emergency in the healthcare, measure SK-2020-12/389 (measures in Slovakia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2020-12_389.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.