Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FI-2022-15/2297 – measures in Finland
|Country||Finland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 04 April 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
|Author||Amanda Kinnunen (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||17 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)|
Due to the war in Ukraine and the following wave of people fleeing the war, the government of Finland has decided to ease the entry into the Finnish labour market for refugees.
Temporary protection is based on the EU Directive on Temporary Protection 2001/55/EC.
Under the Aliens Act 301/2004, a person has the right to work in Finland if they have a residence permit on the basis of temporary protection but does not state when such a right is applied although this has traditionally been interpreted as connected to receiving the residence permit. The requirement of processed residence permit application is now being removed.
The current policy is rather a reinterpretation of the Aliens Act in order to streamline it’s implementation with the principle of the Directive on Temporary Protection. However, an amendment to the Aliens Act is underway.
The government of Finland has decided to grant refugees the right to work in Finland immediately after they have submitted their application. The police and border guard will start writing a certificate to the refugee to show that they have submitted an application for temporary protection. The certificate gives the applicant the right to apply for work in Finland. This is to say that they do not have to wait for a residence permit before finding work, as the processing time can be long.
Those that have submitted their application for temporary protection before the new policy was announced may receive the certificate of registration from the Finnish Immigration Service. In Finland, this is the first time that residence permits are given on the premise of temporary protection. The Finnish Immigration Service has made changes to the technical systems to speed up the processing of temporary protection applications.
The government has earmarked several hundred thousand additional revenue to migration in the fiscal budget of the coming years. The total budget for the next budget year is €780 million, which is based on an assumption of 60,000 persons applying for temporary protection and 6,000 for asylum.
By 16 May 2022 a total of 23,390 applications for temporary protection had been received by the Finnish Immigration Service, out of which 23,097 were from citizens of Ukraine.
Migrants or refugees in employment
||Applies to all businesses||
Migrants or refugees
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
No information available regarding the involvement of social partners in the reinterpretation of the existing policy framework.
No information available.
Eurofound (2022), Border guards and police to issue certificates that grant the right to work for persons applying for temporary protection, measure FI-2022-15/2297 (measures in Finland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FI-2022-15_2297.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.