Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SI-2020-11/910 – Updated – measures in Slovenia
|Country||Slovenia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 13 March 2020 – 15 June 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Remuneration and rewards for workers in essential services
|Author||Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||02 July 2020 (updated 31 January 2022)|
On 10 April 2020, the government issued the first COVID-19 law (Act Determining the Intervention Measures to Contain the COVID-19 Epidemic and Mitigate its Consequences for Citizens and the Economy, ZIUZEOP). Article 71 gives public employees the right to crisis bonus during the epidemics (from 13 March to 31 May). The maximum level is 100% of hourly pay.
According to the Collective Agreement for Public Sector, public servants have the right to bonus in the amount of 65% of hourly pay for hazardous work. The first COVID-19 law gives them another 35%, up to a maximum of 100%.
The law says that employees who were exposed to a high health risk during the epidemics or overburdened with work have the right to crisis bonus. Directors of public institutions (health centers, hospitals, nursing homes, schools, police stations, ministries and so on) decide on who receives crisis bonus. The number of recipients was not limited.
The third COVID-19 law (ZIUOOPE) gives members of Civil Protection and other volunteers, participating in urgent interventions, the right to crisis bonus. Members of Civil Protection receive a daily bonus of €30, volunteers €10 (for work up to 4 hours), €20 (between 4 and 8 hours) or €30 (for more than 8 hours). On top of this, employers receive wage compensation for days when members of Civil Protection were absent from work.
Expenses for crisis bonuses far exceed the costs for temporary layoff, short-time and other schemes during the pandemic. In its latest report, the Slovenian Fiscal Council states that crisis bonuses for public employees cover more than half of the expenses for anti-COVID-19 measures. From March 2020 to September 2021, the government paid €906 million in the form of crisis bonuses. The Ministry of Finance esteems that another €250 million will be paid for crisis bonuses until the end of 2021.
The COVID-19 risk group at the workplace
||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Up to 15 May 2020, social partners communicated with the government mostly by the written proposals. Negotiations between social partners were blocked because the new government, which came to power on 13 March 2020, had not appointed its members in the Economic and Social Council. On 20 April, trade unions protested against the exclusion of social partners in the preparation of emergency laws. They demanded the reactivation of the Economic and Social Council. The first meeting of the Economic and Social Council was held not before 15 May 2020. Since 15 May, the Council is involved in negotiations about next emergency laws.
Trade unions publicly protested against the decision that appointed superiors (directors of public institutions) to decide who is entitled to the crisis bonus. Through the commission for the interpretation of the collective agreement, they demanded crisis bonus for all who worked during the epidemics, except those who worked at home. Although they failed, a majority of public employees have received crisis bonus: in the health sector, 22,000 workers out of 40,000.
Eurofound (2020), Crisis bonus for public employees, measure SI-2020-11/910 (measures in Slovenia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SI-2020-11_910.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.