Factsheet for case SI-2020-11/910 – Updated – measures in Slovenia
|Country||Slovenia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 13 March 2020 – 31 December 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Remuneration and rewards for workers in essential services
|Author||Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound|
|Case created||02 July 2020 (updated 22 January 2021)|
On 10 April 2020, the government issued the first COVID-19 law (Act Determining the Intervention Measures to Contain the COVID-19 Epidemic and Mitigate its Consequences for Citizens and the Economy, ZIUZEOP). Article 71 gives public employees the right to crisis bonus during the epidemics (from 13 March to 31 May). The maximum level is 100% of hourly pay.
According to the Collective Agreement for Public Sector, public servants have the right to bonus in the amount of 65% of hourly pay for hazardous work. The first COVID-19 law gives them another 35%, up to a maximum of 100%.
The law says that employees who were exposed to a high health risk during the epidemics or overburdened with work have the right to crisis bonus. Directors of public institutions (health centers, hospitals, nursing homes, schools, police stations, ministries and so on) decide on who receives crisis bonus. The number of recipients was not limited.
The third COVID-19 law (ZIUOOPE) gives members of Civil Protection and other volunteers, participating in urgent interventions, the right to crisis bonus. Members of Civil Protection receive a daily bonus of €30, volunteers €10 (for work up to 4 hours), €20 (between 4 and 8 hours) or €30 (for more than 8 hours). On top of this, employers receive wage compensation for days when members of Civil Protection were absent from work.
Interim report shows that indirect budget users (health institutions, nursing homes, etc.) spent €63 million for crisis bonuses, while direct budget users (central and local government) €11 million. Distribution of crisis bonus has raised concerns about arbitrary decisions of managers as well as its justification. For instance, one hospital refused to accept COVID-19 patients from nursing homes during the epidemic. Its employees nevertheless got €776,650 in crisis bonuses. The total sum spent on public employees’ crisis bonus is still unknown. Until October 2020, the Ministry of Finance collected all payment requests valued €193 million in total, €42.3 million under the first COVID-19 law and more than €150 million under the Collective Agreement for Public Sector.
The COVID-19 risk group at the workplace
||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Up to 15 May 2020, social partners communicated with the government mostly by the written proposals. Negotiations between social partners were blocked because the new government, which came to power on 13 March 2020, had not appointed its members in the Economic and Social Council. On 20 April, trade unions protested against the exclusion of social partners in the preparation of emergency laws. They demanded the reactivation of the Economic and Social Council. The first meeting of the Economic and Social Council was held not before 15 May 2020. Since 15 May, the Council is involved in negotiations about next emergency laws
Trade unions publicly protested against the decision that appointed superiors (directors of public institutions) to decide who is entitled to the crisis bonus. Through the commission for the interpretation of the collective agreement, they demanded crisis bonus for all who worked during the epidemics, except those who worked at home. Although they failed, a majority of public employees have received crisis bonus: in the health sector, 22,000 workers out of 40.000.
Eurofound (2020), Crisis bonus for public employees, case SI-2020-11/910 (measures in Slovenia), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.