Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EU-2020-37/1125 – measures in European Union
|Country||European Union , applies eu-wide (or beyond)|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 09 September 2020|
|Type||Non-binding recommendations or other texts|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
|Author||Barbara Surdykowska and Eurofound|
|Measure added||15 September 2020 (updated 29 October 2020)|
A proposal for a Recommendation published by the European Commission on 9 September 2020 aimed at ensuring the coordination and timely communication at the EU level of measures taken by Member States that restrict free movement due to the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic.
The legal basis for the proposal are Articles 21(2), 46, 52(2), 168(6) and 292 of the Treaty on the Functioning the European Union. The Council Recommendation is to be adopted at the Justice and Home Affairs Council on 8-9 October 2020.
On 12 October 2020 the Council adopted a recommendation on a coordinated approach to the restrictions of free movement in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The proposal for Recommendation sets out four key areas where Member States should work closer together.
According to the Recommendation accepted by the Council every week, member states should provide the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) with the data available on the following criteria:
Based on this data, the ECDC should publish a weekly map of EU member states, broken down by regions, to support member states in their decision-making. Areas should be marked in the following colours:
People enjoying free movement within the EU. The number is currently difficult to quantify due to disruptions caused by the pandemic.
|Applies to all businesses||Applies to all citizens|
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners were not involved in the development of the Recommendation's proposal, however, they previously expressed opinions about the need to regulate this issue.
From the very beginning of the pandemic, social partners expressed opinions on the need to tackle this issue, in particular with regard to frontier workers, for example:
Eurofound (2020), Free movement of people in the EU: more clarity and predictability of restricting measures, measure EU-2020-37/1125 (measures in European Union), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EU-2020-37_1125.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.